Svetlana I Galkina

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Cell-to-cell interactions of human mesenchymal multipotent stromal cells (MMSC) and rat renal tubular cells (RTC) were explored under conditions of co-cultivation. We observed formation of different types of intercellular contacts, including so called tunneling nanotubes. These contacts were shown to be able to provide transfer of cell's contents, including(More)
The goals of the study were: (1) to explore the communication between human mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) and rat cardiac myocytes resulting in differentiation of the stem cells and, (2) to evaluate the role of mitochondria in it. Light and fluorescence microscopy as well as scanning electron microscopy revealed that after co-cultivation, cells formed(More)
Using scanning electron microscopy techniques we measured the diameter of adhesive tubular appendages of Salmonella enterica serovar S. Typhimurium. The appendages interconnected bacteria in biofilms grown on gallstones or coverslips, or attached bacteria to host cells (human neutrophils). The tubular appendage diameter of bacteria of virulent flagellated(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) plays an important role in host defense against bacterial infections such as salmonellosis. NO and 4-bromophenacyl bromide (BPB) induce the formation of long tubulovesicular extensions (TVE, cytonemes, membrane tethers) from human neutrophils. These TVE serve as cellular sensory and adhesive organelles. In the present study, we(More)
Acute pyelonephritis is a potentially life-threatening infection of the upper urinary tract. Inflammatory response and the accompanying oxidative stress can contribute to kidney tissue damage, resulting in infection-induced intoxication that can become fatal in the absence of antibiotic therapy. Here, we show that pyelonephritis was associated with(More)
In the present work, we demonstrate that microbial alkaloid staurosporine (STS) and Ro 31-8220, structurally related to STS protein kinase C inhibitor, caused development of membrane tubular extensions in human neutrophils upon adhesion to fibronectin-coated substrata. STS-induced tubular extensions interconnected neutrophils in a network and bound(More)
Cell-substrate and cell-cell adhesion of neutrophils has been found to slow down the calcium ionophore A23187-induced synthesis of 5-lipoxygenase (5-LO) metabolites of arachidonic acid. Addition of the exogenous substrate, arachidonic acid (AA), together with A23187, resulted in the enhanced production of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 5-hydroxyeicosatetraenoic(More)
As was shown in our previous work, the intracellular pH (pHi) of cultured human fibroblasts depends on cell density. The pHi is low in single cells, higher in cells, forming small groups and maximal in a sparse monolayer. On the other hand, the pHi is low in areas of confluent monolayers. In the present work, we show that the effects of inhibitors of(More)
BACKGROUND Following adhesion to fibronectin neutrophils can develop membrane tubulovesicular extensions (TVEs) that can be 200nm wide and several cell diameters long. TVEs attach neutrophils to the other cells, substrata or bacteria over distance. To understand the physiological significance of TVEs we performed proteome analysis of TVE content in(More)
The competitive behavior of solid vs. fluid liposomes in liposome-to-cell adsorption and cell-to-liposome lipid transfer processes was investigated with L cells and FBT epithelial sheets. Binding, transfer and 31P-NMR experiments have demonstrated that: (i) solid liposomes adhere to the cell surface as integral vesicles retaining the entrapped substances;(More)