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BACKGROUND The hyperthermophile Pyrococcus furiosus is one of the most thermostable organisms known, with an optimum growth temperature of 100 degrees C. The proteins from this organism display extreme thermostability. We have undertaken the structure determination of glutamate dehydrogenase from P. furiosus in order to gain further insights into the(More)
A purification procedure for flavohaemoglobin Hmp (NO oxygenase) is described that gives high yields of protein with equistoichiometric haem and FAD contents. H(2)O(2) accumulated on NADH oxidation by the purified protein and in cell extracts with elevated Hmp contents. H(2)O(2) probably arose by dismutation from superoxide, which was also detectable during(More)
Glutamate dehydrogenase catalyses the oxidative deamination of glutamate to 2-oxoglutarate with concomitant reduction of NAD(P)(+), and has been shown to be widely distributed in nature across species ranging from psychrophiles to hyperthermophiles. Extensive characterisation of this enzyme isolated from hyperthermophilic organisms has led to its adoption(More)
The structure of the hexameric L-alanine dehydrogenase from Phormidium lapideum reveals that the subunit is constructed from two domains, each having the common dinucleotide binding fold. Despite there being no sequence similarity, the fold of alanine dehydrogenase is closely related to that of the family of D-2-hydroxyacid dehydrogenases, with a similar(More)
The Escherichia coli DNA binding protein RuvA acts in concert with the helicase RuvB to drive branch migration of Holliday intermediates during recombination and DNA repair. The atomic structure of RuvA was determined at a resolution of 1.9 angstroms. Four monomers of RuvA are related by fourfold symmetry in a manner reminiscent of a four-petaled flower.(More)
In bacteria, the regulation of gene expression in response to changes in cell density is called quorum sensing. The autoinducer-2 production protein LuxS, is involved in a novel quorum-sensing system and is thought to catalyse the degradation of S-ribosylhomocysteine to homocysteine and the autoinducer molecule 4,5-dihydroxy-2,3-pentadione. The crystal(More)
The major bifunctional aconitase of Escherichia coli (AcnB) serves as either an enzymic catalyst or a mRNA-binding post-transcriptional regulator, depending on the status of its iron sulfur cluster. AcnB represents a large, distinct group of Gram-negative bacterial aconitases that have an altered domain organization relative to mitochondrial aconitase and(More)
BACKGROUND Bacillus stearothermophilus glycerol dehydrogenase (GlyDH) (glycerol:NAD(+) 2-oxidoreductase, EC catalyzes the oxidation of glycerol to dihydroxyacetone (1,3-dihydroxypropanone) with concomitant reduction of NAD(+) to NADH. Analysis of the sequence of this enzyme indicates that it is a member of the so-called iron-containing alcohol(More)
Azotobacter vinelandii is an obligately aerobic bacterium in which aerotolerant dinitrogen fixation requires cytochrome bd. This oxidase comprises two polypeptide subunits and three hemes, but no copper, and has been studied extensively. However, there remain apparently conflicting reports on the reactivity of the high spin heme b(595) with ligands. Using(More)