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An O-specific polysaccharide was isolated from the lipopolysaccharide of a plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 and studied by sugar analyses along with one- and two-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including NOESY. The polysaccharide was found to be a new rhamnan with a pentasaccharide repeating unit having the following(More)
Maintenance of pH 7.0 during the fermentation period favors accumulation of high-molecular polysaccharide-containing components, the so-called lipopolysaccharide-protein and polysaccharide-lipid complexes, in the capsules and culture medium. Increased pH of the culture medium to 8.0 reduced the period of exponential growth and the yield of(More)
The analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of nine strains of azospirilla revealed the presence of the characteristic components of these glycopolymers: carbohydrates, hydroxylated fatty acids, and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid (KDO). SDS electrophoresis revealed the heterogeneous nature and the strains differences in the ratio of the molecular S and R(More)
Antigenic differences were revealed between the cell wall outer membrane lipopolysaccharides and the capsular high molecular weight bioglycans for a typical strain of the nitrogen-fixing rhizobacterium Azospirillum lipoferum Sp59b using antibodies prepared against the homologous lipopolysaccharide and lipopolysaccharide-protein complex. From the capsular(More)
Living cells interfaced with a range of polyelectrolyte coatings, magnetic and noble metal nanoparticles, hard mineral shells and other complex nanomaterials can perform functions often completely different from their original specialisation. Such "cyborg cells" are already finding a range of novel applications in areas like whole cell biosensors,(More)
The involvement of the carbohydrate components of the Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 capsules in bacterial protection from the action of extreme factors was investigated. The survival of encapsulated and non-encapsulated azospirilla exposed to elevated (46-48 degrees C) and below-freezing (-20 and -70 degrees C) temperatures, extreme pH values (2 and 10),(More)
The initial stages of colonization of wheat roots by cells of Azospirillum brasilense strains 75 and 80 isolated from soils of the Saratov oblast were studied. The adsorption of azospirilla on root hairs of soft spring wheats rapidly increased in the first hours of incubation, going then to a plateau phase. Within the first 15 h of incubation,(More)
The mutant strain Azospirillum brasilense Sp7.2.3 with impaired lectin activity exhibited poorer cell aggregation than its parent strain A. brasilense Sp7(S) both in the exponential and stationary growth phases. The pretreatment of bacterial cells with the specific haptens (L-fucose and D-galactose) of a lectin located at the cell surface of the mutant(More)
Lipopolysaccharide was obtained by phenol-water extraction from dried bacterial cells of Azospirillum brasilense type strain Sp7. Mild acid hydrolysis of the lipopolysaccharide followed by GPC on Sephadex G-50 resulted in a polysaccharide mixture, which was studied by composition and methylation analyses, Smith degradation and (1)H and (13)C NMR(More)
Biomimetic architectural assembly of clay nanotube shells on yeast cells was demonstrated producing viable artificial hybrid inorganic-cellular structures (armoured cells). These modified cells were preserved for one generation resulting in the intact second generation of cells with delayed germination.