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An O-specific polysaccharide was isolated from the lipopolysaccharide of a plant-growth-promoting bacterium Azospirillum brasilense Sp245 and studied by sugar analyses along with one- and two-dimensional 1H and 13C NMR spectroscopy, including NOESY. The polysaccharide was found to be a new rhamnan with a pentasaccharide repeating unit having the following(More)
The dynamics of adsorption of the nitrogen-fixing soil bacteria Azospirillum brasilense 75 and 80 (isolated from soil samples collected in Saratov Oblast, southern Russia) and A. brasilense Sp245 to the roots of seedlings of common spring wheat was studied in relation to inoculum size, period of incubation with the roots and bacterial-growth phase. The(More)
The involvement of the carbohydrate components of the Azospirillum brasilenseSp245 capsules in bacterial protection from the action of extreme factors was investigated. The survival of encapsulated and non-encapsulated azospirilla exposed to elevated (46–48°C) and below-freezing (–20 and –70°C) temperatures, extreme pH values (2 and 10), and to drying was(More)
Maintenance of pH 7.0 during the fermentation period favors accumulation of high molecular weight polysaccharide-containing components called lipopolysaccharide–protein and polysaccharide–lipid complexes in the capsules and culture medium. Increased pH of the culture medium to 8.0 reduced the period of exponential growth and the yield of(More)
The present study was undertaken to comparatively investigate the attachment capacities of Azospirillum brasilenseSp245 and its lipopolysaccharide-defective Omegon-Km mutants KM018 and KM252, as well as their activities with respect to the alteration of the morphology of wheat seedling root hairs. The adsorption dynamics of the parent Sp245 and mutant KM252(More)
Living cells interfaced with a range of polyelectrolyte coatings, magnetic and noble metal nanoparticles, hard mineral shells and other complex nanomaterials can perform functions often completely different from their original specialisation. Such "cyborg cells" are already finding a range of novel applications in areas like whole cell biosensors,(More)
The analysis of the lipopolysaccharides (LPS) of nine strains of azospirilla revealed the presence of the characteristic components of these glycopolymers: carbohydrates, hydroxylated fatty acids, and 2-keto-3-deoxyoctonic acid (KDO). SDS electrophoresis revealed the heterogeneous nature and the strains differences in the ratio of the molecular S and R(More)
Antigenic differences were revealed between the cell wall outer membrane lipopolysaccharides and the capsular high molecular weight bioglycans for a typical strain of the nitrogen-fixing rhizobacterium Azospirillum lipoferum Sp59b using antibodies prepared against the homologous lipopolysaccharide and lipopolysaccharide-protein complex. From the capsular(More)
The initial stages of colonization of wheat roots by cells of Azospirillum brasilense strains 75 and 80 isolated from soils of the Saratov oblast were studied. The adsorption of azospirilla on root hairs of soft spring wheats rapidly increased in the first hours of incubation, going then to a plateau phase. Within the first 15 h of incubation,(More)
The chemical composition of the lipopolysaccharide of the associative diazotrophic rhizobacterium Azospirillum brasilense Cd has been studied. Among the main components of the hydrophobic part of the lipopolysaccharide, we identified 3-hydroxytetradecanoic, hexadecenoic, 3-hydroxyhexadecanoic, hexadecanoic, octadecenoic, and nanodecanoic fatty acids; the(More)