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BACKGROUND This article provides a summary of the 2011 ERA-EDTA Registry Annual Report (available at www.era-edta-reg.org). METHODS Data on renal replacement therapy (RRT) for end-stage renal disease (ESRD) from national and regional renal registries in 30 countries in Europe and bordering the Mediterranean Sea were used. From 27 registries, individual(More)
  • S Cala
  • 1996
What is the current opinion on therapeutic plasma exchange, after 20 years of clinical use for numerous patients and disease states? Principles of rational therapy have broken through into the field of therapeutic plasmapheresis during the last decade. Efficacy proven by controlled clinical trials is the prerequisite for determining indications. Superiority(More)
  • S Cala
  • 2000
The principle of convective elimination is the passage of solutes through the membrane carried by water flux, so the elimination of all substances for which membrane is permeable is equal to water. This results in uniform clearances of small, medium and large molecules. Dialytic methods with exclusive or considerable convective elimination are(More)
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