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This committee was appointed by the SPR Board to provide recommendations for publishing data on electrodermal activity (EDA). They are intended to be a stand-alone source for newcomers and experienced users. A short outline of principles for electrodermal measurement is given, and recommendations from an earlier report (Fowles et al., ) are incorporated.(More)
A novel method for in vitro calibration of skin hydration measurements is presented. The method combines gravimetric and electrical measurements and reveals an exponential dependency of measured electrical susceptance to absolute water content in the epidermal stratum corneum. The results also show that absorption of water into the stratum corneum exhibits(More)
In this paper, we characterize the polarization impedance behavior of several common metals in diluted NaCl solution operated at low current densities. The objective was to provide a useful reference for those wishing to calculate the electrode polarization impedance in diluted NaCl solutions. Serial equivalent resistance (R) and capacitance (C) for silver,(More)
We have investigated the threshold level of perception for dc current in human skin in order to determine whether it is best described as a function of current or current density. The threshold was found to be more dependent on current than current density, and a spatial summation effect in the nervous system is suggested as one possible cause of this(More)
The human threshold of sensation of 50 Hz current has hitherto been considered to be around 1 mA. A new sensing mechanism is reported which lowers the threshold about 3 decades. It is elicited when the skin slides on the current carrying conductor, and the sensation disappears when the skin is wet. The sensation is a feeling of vibration or increased(More)
BACKGROUND Understanding the mechanisms causing variation in current thresholds for electrical nerve stimulation may improve the safety and success rate of peripheral nerve blocks. Electrical impedance of the tissue surrounding a nerve may affect the response to nerve stimulation. In this volunteer study, we investigated the relationship between impedance(More)
The Cole single-dispersion impedance model is based upon a constant phase element (CPE), a conductance parameter as a dependent parameter and a characteristic time constant as an independent parameter. Usually however, the time constant of tissue or cell suspensions is conductance dependent, and so the Cole model is incompatible with general relaxation(More)
BACKGROUND For a long time, DC conductance has been the most important parameter in electrodermal routine measurements. However, DC current flow polarizes the electrodes, electrolyzes the skin, disturbs the measurement of conductance by possible varying electromotive forces (EMFs) in the circuit, and impedes the registration of the skin endosomatic DC(More)
Electronic fingerprint systems are now gaining acceptance in mainstream consumer applications worldwide. It has been shown, however, that about 80% of these systems are easily fooled with different kinds of fake fingers with imprinted patterns. Hence, a live finger detection mechanism will be a crucial part of any fingerprint system used in security(More)
We show that some of the nonlinear conductance properties of electro-osmosis in sweat-duct capillaries may be modeled by a memristive circuit. This includes both the observed phase shift and amplitude modulation of the electrical current response to a simple harmonic driving potential. Memristive sytems may therefore be expected to play a role in modeling(More)