Svend Stenvang Pedersen

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Invasive pneumococcal disease is a serious infection that primarily affects very young children and elderly or immunocompromised individuals but also affects previously healthy people. Variant mannose-binding lectin (MBL) alleles are associated with recurrent infections and may be a risk factor for pneumococcal infections. To assess the influence of MBL(More)
This multicentre prospective study was conducted to investigate whether the level of the soluble form of urokinase-type plasminogen activator receptor (suPAR) is elevated during pneumococcal bacteraemia and is of predictive value in the early stage of the disease. Plasma levels of suPAR were increased significantly (median 5.5; range 2.4-21.0 ng/mL) in 141(More)
We have compared a chronic lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa embedded in alginate beads in normal and athymic rats with an acute infection with free live P. aeruginosa bacteria. The following parameters were observed and described: mortality, macroscopic and microscopic pathologic changes, and antibody responses. The rats challenged with P.(More)
INTRODUCTION Clinicians are in need of better diagnostic markers in diagnosing infections and sepsis. We studied the ability of procalcitonin, lipopolysaccharide-binding protein, IL-6 and C-reactive protein to identify patients with infection and sepsis. METHODS Plasma and serum samples were obtained on admission from patients with suspected(More)
OBJECTIVE Soluble CD163 (sCD163) is a new macrophage-specific serum marker. This study investigated sCD163 and other markers of macrophage activation (neopterin, ferritin, transcobalamin, and soluble urokinase plasminogen activator receptor [suPAR]) as prognostic factors in patients with pneumococcal bacteremia. DESIGN Observational cohort study. (More)
BACKGROUND Knowledge of predominant pathogens and their association with outcome are of importance for the management of lower respiratory tract infection (LRTI). As antibiotic therapy is indicated in pneumonia and not in acute bronchitis, a predictor of pneumonia is needed. AIM To describe the aetiology and outcome of LRTI in adults with pneumonic and(More)
Alginate, a viscous polysaccharide from mucoid Pseudomonas aeruginosa, may interfere with the host defenses in patients with cystic fibrosis and chronic P. aeruginosa lung infection. The alginate concentration in the sol phase of expectorated sputum was quantitated by a biochemical method and a newly developed enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. There was a(More)
Alginate-producing, mucoid P. aeruginosa is frequently found in the lungs of patients with cystic fibrosis (CF), where it causes a chronic infection. The importance of alginate in the pathogenesis was demonstrated by the ability to establish chronic P. aeruginosa lung infection in rats if P. aeruginosa entrapped in minute alginate-beads were inoculated(More)
Progressive pulmonary insufficiency is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with the inherited disease cystic fibrosis. The basic defect involves a disturbed ion transport across cells, but it is not known how this leads to the airways becoming highly susceptible to recurrent respiratory tract infection with S. aureus, H. influenzae and P.(More)
INTRODUCTION Sepsis is a serious condition with a significant morbidity and mortality. New insight into the immunopathogenesis of sepsis could promote the development of new strategies for diagnosis and therapy. High mobility group box-1 protein (HMGB1) has been known for many years as a nuclear chromosomal protein. Its role as a pro-inflammatory cytokine(More)