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BACKGROUND & AIMS Iron overload may be carcinogenic. Patients with hereditary hemochromatosis (HH) are reportedly at a 20-200-fold risk of intrahepatic cancer, but the reported risks for nonhepatobiliary cancers are conflicting. The risk of cancer in heterozygous individuals (estimated allele frequency, 1/10 to 1/20) is unknown. This study aimed to better(More)
OBJECTIVE Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease, which if untreated can lead to cirrhosis and hepatic failure. The aim of the study was to investigate the incidence, prevalence, diagnostic tradition and clinical initial presentation of AIH. MATERIAL AND METHODS Analyses were performed in 473 patients identified as having probable or(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence and prognosis of fibrolamellar hepatic carcinoma in a defined population. DESIGN Retrospective study of histological slides. SETTING University hospital, Sweden. SUBJECTS The 532 patients (out of a total of 711 who were treated at the university hospital during a 22 year period 1 January 1958-31 December 1979) whose(More)
To clarify the dose-response and the time-response relationship between liquorice consumption and rise in blood pressure and explore the inter-individual variance this intervention study was designed and executed in research laboratories at University hospitals in Iceland and Sweden. Healthy, Caucasian volunteers who also served as a control for(More)
The prevalence of alcohol problems was investigated in 50 patients with chronic low back pain, and compared to an age, sex, civil status, and income matched control group. Alcohol abuse was significantly more frequent among the male low back patients. Within the patient group the use of analgesics and sedatives was not related to the degree of alcohol(More)
Analysis of carbohydrate-deficient transferrin concentration in vitreous humour (VH-CDT) has recently been demonstrated to be useful for diagnosis of pre-mortal alcohol misuse, but more knowledge considering possible methodological problems is warranted. In a forensic sample we examined the stability of VH-CDT during laboratory handling as well as the(More)
BACKGROUND/AIMS--The course of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) is highly variable and unpredictable. This study describes the natural history and outcome of PSC. These data were used to construct a prognostic model for patients with PSC. METHODS--A total of 305 Swedish patients with PSC were studied. The median follow up time was 63 (1-194) months and(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the prevalence of arrhythmias in alcoholic men during detoxification and its relation to neuroendocrine activation and electrolyte disturbances. DESIGN Consecutive case-control study. SETTING Primary and secondary care, detoxification ward. PATIENTS AND CONTROLS 19 otherwise healthy alcoholic men (DSM-III-R) with withdrawal(More)
BACKGROUND The exact incidence and prevalence of Budd-Chiari syndrome (BCS) is unknown in the general population. Published reports differ in terms of the clinical characteristics, effects of therapy and survival. AIMS To investigate the epidemiology, clinical presentation and survival in patients with BCS. METHODS Retrospective multicentre study in(More)
BACKGROUND Reliable epidemiological data for portal vein thrombosis are lacking. AIMS To investigate the incidence, prevalence and survival rates for patients with portal vein thrombosis. METHODS Retrospective multicentre study of all patients registered with the diagnosis of portal vein thrombosis between 1995 and 2004. RESULTS A total of 173(More)