Sven Voigtländer

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In Germany, the proportion of foreign national residents receiving an invalidity pension is higher than that of Germans. Lower utilization and effectiveness of medical rehabilitation are presumed to be the main reasons. We aimed to examine whether differences in utilization and effectiveness of medical rehabilitation between Germans and foreign nationals(More)
BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that individual health is at least partly determined by neighbourhood and regional factors. Mechanisms, however, remain poorly understood, and evidence from Germany is scant. This study explores whether regional as well as neighbourhood deprivation are associated with physical health and to what extent this(More)
BACKGROUND Recent empirical studies stress the impact of features related to the small-area context on individual health. However, so far there exists no standard explanatory model that integrates the different kinds of such features and that conceptualises their relation to individual characteristics of social inequality. METHODS A review of theoretical(More)
BACKGROUND Social inequalities in Germany are on the increase. Past studies have pointed out that social inequalities and their health consequences include a regional component. This study aims at systematically describing the development of regional disparities in living conditions across Germany. MATERIAL AND METHODS The level of analysis was that of(More)
Social epidemiology has consistently demonstrated an association between socio-economic disadvantage and ill health. Seventeen years after reunification, economic disparities persist between former “East” and “West” Germany. We examine whether there are according health disparities and how they developed over time. Secondary analysis of socio-economic and(More)
Material and social living conditions at the small-area level are assumed to have an effect on individual health. We review existing explanatory models concerning the effects of small-area characteristics on health and describe the gaps future research should try to fill. Systematic literature search for, and analysis of, studies that propose an explanatory(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE We assessed the effect of regional deprivation on individual mortality by making use of a natural experiment: we followed up ethnic German resettlers from Former Soviet Union countries who were quasi-randomly distributed across the socioeconomically heterogeneous counties of Germany's federal state North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW). (More)
Inequalities in health are growing throughout Europe. This has created much concern among public health researchers and instigated numerous studies. And yet, the underlying mechanisms which mediate the association between socioeconomic disadvantage and health are not fully understood. Individual risk factors such as smoking or a low socio-economic status(More)
The relationship between people’s transnational ties and practices and their social position is subject to a controversial debate that suggests a dualistic picture. While there seems to exist a group of highly educated people who benefit from transnational mobility and networks, for migrants the maintenance of transnational ties to their ‘old homes’ appears(More)
OBJECTIVE Little is known about the rehabilitative care of populations with a migrational background. Using the assessment of rehabilitation effectiveness as an example, we outline the potentials and limitations routine data from social security carriers has for this research field. METHODS We draw on an 80% random sample of all completed medical(More)