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Intracerebral microdialysis (MD) was applied in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage. The regional CBF, the CMRO2, and oxygen extraction ratio (OER) were measured with simultaneous positron emission tomography (PET). The aim was to directly correlate alterations in dialysate levels of energy-related metabolites (lactate, lactate/pyruvate ratio,(More)
Nineteen lightly sleep-deprived healthy volunteers were examined with H2(15)O and positron emission tomography (PET). Scanning was performed during wakefulness and after the subjects had fallen asleep. Sleep stage was graded retrospectively from electroencephalogram (EEG) recordings, and scans were divided into two groups: wakefulness or synchronized sleep.(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Brain loci that process human esophageal sensation remain unidentified. The aim of this study was to identify the brain loci that process nonpainful and painful human esophageal sensation. METHODS In 8 healthy subjects (7 men; age range, 24-47 years), distal esophageal stimulation was performed by repeatedly inflating a balloon at(More)
All patients with systemic lupus erythematosus in a prospective, epidemiologically based study within a defined area in southern Sweden were invited to participate in an investigation of cardiac function. From 1981 to 1988, 101 patients were included in the study, and 75 of them were investigated according to a fixed protocol by echocardiography, Doppler(More)
The classic model of the respiratory system (RS) is comprised of a Newtonian resistor in series with a capacitor and a viscoelastic unit including a resistor and a capacitor. The flow interruption technique has often been used to study the viscoelastic behavior under constant inspiratory flow rate. To study the viscoelastic behavior of the RS during(More)
The pharmacokinetics of a single intravenous injection of 100 mg iron hydroxide-sucrose complex labelled with a tracer in the form of 52Fe/59Fe was followed in six anaemic patients for a period ranging from 6 to 8 3 h using positron emission tomography (PET). Red cell utilization of the labelled iron was followed for 4 weeks. PET data showed radioactive(More)
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) with weak (micro Tesla) complex waveform fields have been claimed to evoke the sensed presence of a sentient being in up to 80% in the general population. These findings have had a questionable neurophysiological foundation as the fields are approximately six orders of magnitude weaker than ordinary TMS fields. Also,(More)
UNLABELLED Combining MRI morphological data with functional PET data offers significant advantages in research as well as in many clinical situations. Automatic methods are needed, however, to coregister the data from the two modalities. METHODS Simulated PET images were created by simple and automatic segmentation of MR images followed by the assignment(More)
Full correction of anemia with recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) has been reported to reduce the risk of cardiovascular morbidity and mortality and improve the quality of life in hemodialysis (HD) patients. Effects of normalization of hematocrit on cerebral blood flow and oxygen metabolism were investigated by positron emission tomography. Regional(More)
Regional lung density (DL) and regional fractional pulmonary blood volume (VB) were measured quantitatively during tidal breathing in 30 healthy supine subjects (15 smokers and 15 nonsmokers) in a 1.7-cm-thick midthoracic cross section using positron emission tomography (PET) and 11CO (inhaled)-labeled erythrocytes. Regional alveolar volume (VA),(More)