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Biallelic germ-line variants of the 8-hydroxyguanine repair gene MYH have been associated with multiple colorectal adenomas that display somatic G:C-->T:A transversions in APC. However, the effect of single germ-line variants has not been widely studied. To examine the relationship between monoallelic MYH variants and susceptibility to sporadic colorectal(More)
Mismatch repair (MMR) gene sequence variants of uncertain clinical significance are often identified in suspected Lynch syndrome families, and this constitutes a challenge for both researchers and clinicians. Multifactorial likelihood model approaches provide a quantitative measure of MMR variant pathogenicity, but first require input of likelihood ratios(More)
BACKGROUND Germline mutations in MSH6 account for 10%-20% of Lynch syndrome colorectal cancers caused by hereditary DNA mismatch repair gene mutations. Because there have been only a few studies of mutation carriers, their cancer risks are uncertain. METHODS We identified 113 families of MSH6 mutation carriers from five countries that we ascertained(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Recently, an alternative pathway of tumorigenesis has been identified in the colorectum associated with serrated precursor lesions, variable levels of microsatellite instability (MSI-V), and driven in part by activating mutations in the BRAF proto-oncogene (V599E). Somatic BRAF mutations in hereditary nonpolyposis colon cancer (HNPCC)(More)
PURPOSE The recognition of breast cancer as a spectrum tumor in Lynch syndrome remains controversial. The aim of this study was to explore features of breast cancers arising in Lynch syndrome families. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN This observational study involved 107 cases of breast cancer identified from the Colorectal Cancer Family Registry (Colon CFR) from 90(More)
Debate continues as to the usefulness of assessing adenomas for loss of mismatch repair protein expression to identify individuals with suspected Lynch syndrome. We tested 109 polyps from 69 proven mutation carriers (35 females and 34 males) belonging to 49 Lynch syndrome families. All polyps were tested by immunohistochemistry for four mismatch repair(More)
PURPOSE Clinicopathologic data from a population-based endometrial cancer cohort, unselected for age or family history, were analyzed to determine the optimal scheme for identification of patients with germline mismatch repair (MMR) gene mutations. PATIENTS AND METHODS Endometrial cancers from 702 patients recruited into the Australian National(More)
PURPOSE A woman with early-onset endometrial cancer (EC) may represent the "sentinel" cancer event in a Lynch syndrome kindred. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of Lynch syndrome in a series of young-onset EC, and to identify molecular, clinical, and pathologic features that may alert clinicians to the presence of this disorder. (More)
The identification of Lynch syndrome has been greatly assisted by the advent of tumour immunohistochemistry (IHC) for mismatch repair (MMR) proteins, and by the recognition of the role of acquired somatic BRAF mutation in sporadic MMR-deficient colorectal cancer (CRC). However, somatic BRAF mutation may also be present in the tumours in families with a(More)
Reliable methods for predicting functional consequences of variants in disease genes would be beneficial in the clinical setting. This study was undertaken to predict, and confirm in vitro, splicing aberrations associated with mismatch repair (MMR) variants identified in familial colon cancer patients. Six programs were used to predict the effect of 13 MLH1(More)