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Morbidity and mortality of subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) are correlated with the severity of the patient's acute neurological deficit. This initial presentation has been attributed to cerebral hypoperfusion in the acute phase, and we investigated the impact of moderate hypothermia on the early changes in perfusion and metabolism following massive(More)
INTRODUCTION The impact of anemia on functional outcome and mortality in patients suffering from non-traumatic intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) has not been investigated. Here, we assessed the relationship between hemoglobin (HB) levels and clinical outcome after ICH. METHODS One hundred and ninety six patients suffering from supratentorial, non-traumatic(More)
INTRODUCTION New technologies for therapeutic cooling have become available. The objective of our study was to investigate the safety of nasopharyngeal cooling with the RhinoChill(®) device in stroke patients, focusing on systemic and neurovital parameters. METHODS In this prospective observational study, consecutive patients with severe ischemic or(More)
OBJECTIVE First, to determine the sensitivity and specificity of six stroke recognition scores in a single cohort to improve interscore comparability. Second, to test four stroke severity scores repurposed to recognise stroke in parallel. METHODS Of 9154 emergency runs, 689 consecutive cases of preclinically 'suspected central nervous system disorder'(More)
BACKGROUND Autonomic dysfunction after stroke is common and relates to unfavorable outcome. The pathophysiology of autonomic impairment after intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is unknown. This study examined the relationship between intraventricular hemorrhage extension (IVH) and autonomic dysregulation after ICH. METHODS We examined the autonomic modulation(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Recently, the CRYSTAL AF trial detected paroxysmal atrial fibrillation (AF) in 12.4% of patients after cryptogenic ischaemic stroke (IS) or cryptogenic transient ischaemic attack (TIA) by an insertable cardiac monitor (ICM) within 1 year of monitoring. Our aim was (i) to assess if an AF risk factor based pre-selection of ICM(More)
BACKGROUND Therapeutic targets for intracranial pressure (ICP) in patients with severe intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are approximated from data of traumatic brain injury. However, specific data for ICH are lacking. Here, we aimed to investigate the association between ICP, mortality and functional outcome following severe ICH. METHODS We analyzed(More)
INTRODUCTION Continuous EEG provides the unique possibility to monitor neuronal function non-invasively. In our pilot study, we evaluated EEG spectral power during spontaneous drops in cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) in deeply sedated and mechanically ventilated patients with severe stroke. We aimed to identify parameters that may be used for continuous(More)
Acute changes in cerebral perfusion and metabolism after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) have been shown to contribute significantly to acute brain injury. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of moderate hypothermia on the acute changes after massive experimental SAH as evaluated by diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and magnetic resonance(More)
INTRODUCTION Current guidelines for spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) recommend maintaining cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) between 50 and 70 mmHg, depending on the state of autoregulation. We continuously assessed dynamic cerebral autoregulation and the possibility of determination of an optimal CPP (CPPopt) in ICH patients. Associations between(More)