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The purpose of this study was to examine the contact pressure between the patellofemoral interface of the physiologic, native, and prosthetic patella and the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty. An electronic sensor was used to measure contact pressure in five cadaver knees. The average peak contact pressure measured on the prosthetic patella was(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to measure the in vitro range of motion of a mobile bearing inlay knee prosthesis under dynamic isokinetic loading conditions. Additionally, the effect on the range of motion of rotational malalignment of the tibia baseplate was determined. DESIGN Specimens with implanted knee prostheses were mounted onto a custom(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this in vitro study was to investigate the amount of quadriceps force required to extend the knee during an isokinetic extension cycle before and after total knee arthroplasty. DESIGN The magnitude of the extension torque used in simulating a constant moment extension exercise was derived from tests made using a dynamometer on(More)
Increased patellofemoral contact pressure was described after total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Aim of this in vitro study was to compare the influence of a posterior stabilized (PS) design in comparison to a cruciate retaining (CR) design on patellofemoral contact pressure. Patellofemoral area contact pressure, peak contact pressure and the centre of pressure(More)
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the results of a contoured focal articular femoral condyle resurfacing prosthetic in the treatment of full-thickness cartilage and osteochondral defects at the medial femoral condyle of the knee beyond 5 years. In a multicenter case series, preoperative and follow-up scores of the Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis(More)
BACKGROUND Material wear testing is an important technique in the development and evaluation of materials for use in implant for total knee arthroplasty. Since a knee joint induces a complex rolling-gliding movement, standardised material wear testing devices such as Pin-on-Disc or Ring-on-Disc testers are suitable to only a limited extent because they(More)
Even in a well-aligned total knee arthroplasty (TKA), limb rotation at the time of radiographic assessment will alter the measurement of alignment. This could influence the radiographic outcome of TKA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of limb rotation on radiographic alignment after TKA and to establish a re-calculation of this rotation(More)
The standard treatment of femoral diaphyseal fractures is intramedullary nailing. Torsion error remains a largely unsolved problem. We hypothesized that femoral malrotation would change the coronal alignment of the lower extremity and the center of force (COF) in the tibiofemoral joint as compared to the native state. Ten cadaveric legs were used.(More)
Successful outcomes following high tibial osteotomy (HTO) require precise realignment of the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The inability to accurately assess the weight-bearing axis intraoperatively may account for inappropriate degrees of correction with the osteotomy. We tested the hypothesis that axial loading of the limb affects alignment(More)
BACKGROUND Changing the kinematic behaviour of patellar movement could be one of the reasons for anterior knee pain after implantation of a total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of the current study was to measure the potential influence on patellar kinematics of patellar resurfacing during TKA. METHODS Patellar movement before and after TKA with and(More)