Sven Mularski

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OBJECTIVE Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a noninvasive method for analyzing cortical function. To utilize TMS for presurgical functional diagnostics, the magnetic impulse must be precisely targeted by stereotactically positioning the coil. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of TMS for operation planning when combined with a(More)
The aim of image-guided neurosurgery is to accurately project computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data into the operative field for defining anatomical landmarks, pathological structures and tumour margins. To achieve this end, different image-guided and computer-assisted, so-called “neuronavigation” systems have been developed in(More)
OBJECTIVE Navigation systems enable neurosurgeons to guide operations with imaging data. Sensor-based neuronavigation uses an electromagnetic field and sensors to measure the positions of the patient's brain anatomy and the surgical instruments. The aim of this investigation was to determine the accuracy level of sensor-based tracking in a large patient(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and direct electrocortical stimulation (DES) are the most commonly used means of analyzing the functional brain topography prior to surgery in the vicinity of Brodmann area 4. No consensus has been established in the literature about the significance of both procedures in reducing operative morbidity. The study(More)
BACKGROUND Tracking of post-registration head motion is one of the major problems in frameless stereotaxy. Various attempts in detecting and compensating for this phenomenon rely on a fixed reference device rigidly attached to the patient's head. However, most of such reference tools are either based on an invasive fixation technique or have physical(More)
Navigation systems are useful instruments in cranial neurosurgery. For specification of position, so-called sensor-based navigation techniques use: (a) a signal emitter that generates a defined electromagnetic field in the area of the operation site; and (b) small sensors that detect the position of various operating instruments in the electromagnetic(More)
PURPOSE Although computer- and image-guided surgical procedures are an improvement of frame-guided stereotaxy, many navigation systems still require rigid fixation of the patient's head throughout the operation. This study describes the clinical application of a technical modification that enables cranial navigation with "free head mobility" using CT and MR(More)
OBJECTIVE Intraoperative speech mapping has evolved into the "gold standard" for neurosurgical removal of lesions near the language cortex. The integration of neuronavigation into a multimodal protocol can improve the reliability of this type of operation, but most systems require rigid fixation of the patient's head throughout the operation. This article(More)
OBJECT Neurophysiological intraoperative monitoring (IOM) is regarded as a useful tool to provide information about physiological changes during surgery in eloquent areas of the nervous system, to increase safety and reduce morbidity. Nevertheless, numerous older studies report that very few patients benefit from IOM, and that there are high rates of(More)
OBJECTIVE In the spine, navigation techniques serve mainly to control and accurately target insertion of implants. The main source of error is that the spine is not a rigid organ, but rather a chain of semiflexible movement segments. Any intraoperative manipulation of the patient alters the geometry and volumetry as compared to the 3D volume model created(More)