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There is increasing evidence that developmental anomalies of cerebral asymmetry are involved in the etiology of psychiatric disorders, including schizophrenia, depression and anxiety. Thus, rodents with abnormal cerebral lateralization are interesting tools to study the association between such anomalies and behavioral dysfunction. The most studied(More)
The circling rat is an autosomal recessive mutant (homozygous ci2/ci2) characterized by lateralized rotational behavior, locomotor hyperactivity, ataxia, stereotypic head movements, and deafness. Previous neurochemical investigations showed that ci2 rats of both genders have a lower tissue content of dopamine in the striatum ipsilateral to the preferred(More)
Abnormal circling behavior in rodents is usually attributed to vestibular dysfunction. In rats, all circling mutants described previously have inner ear defects resulting in auditory and vestibular dysfunctions. Here, we describe a new mutant rat with abnormal spontaneous circling behavior but normal auditory and vestibular functions. The new circling(More)
We have recently described two rat mutants, ci2 and ci3, in which abnormal lateralized rotational behavior and locomotor hyperactivity occur either spontaneously or in response to external stimuli, such as new environment. While cochlear and vestibular defects are found in ci2 rats, ci3 rats do not exhibit any inner ear abnormalities. Both mutants show(More)
The clinical usefulness of aminoglycoside antibiotics is limited by their ototoxicity. In rodents, damage to the inner ear is often associated with rotational behavior and locomotor hyperactivity reminiscent of such behaviors resulting from an imbalance of forebrain dopamine systems. Based on previous observations in the circling (ci2/ci2) Lewis (LEW) rat(More)
Circling, turning, rotating, spinning, wheeling, and cursive hyperkinesia are all synonymous terms used to describe the active movement of an animal in a circular direction. Circling behavior can be evoked by unilateral electrical and chemical stimulation or lesions of various brain sites, but can also occur after systemic drug administration or(More)
Circling behaviour of the ci2 rat mutant, a model for hyperkinetic movement disorders, is associated with an abnormal asymmetry in striatal dopaminergic activity. Since it is more likely that imbalances in several neurotransmitter systems result in the cascade of neurochemical disturbances underlying disorders involving motor dysfunctions, we measured the(More)
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