Sven Lindberg

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In an animal model, nitric oxide (NO) has been shown to increase mucociliary activity in vivo and ciliary beat frequency in vitro. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of NO on blood flow and mucociliary activity in the human nose. The concentration of NO in nasal air was measured with a chemiluminescence technique after nebulizing(More)
Prostaglandins and histamine released during inflammatory and allergic reactions can affect the mucociliary system in different ways. By studying the effect of these mediators on ciliary beat frequency (CBF) with a photo-electrical technique in airway explants from different species, i.e. guinea-pig trachea, rabbit maxillary sinus, and human adenoid, the(More)
The nasal concentration of nitric oxide (NO) was measured by chemiluminescence in healthy volunteers 3-68 years of age, and in patients suffering from common cold and chronic sinusitis. The concentration of NO in healthy subjects, 233.2 +/- 66.8 ppb (mean +/- SD), was found to be relatively independent of age and body size. The measured levels of NO did not(More)
The effects of four neuropeptides, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide, enkephalin, bombesin, and substance P, on mucociliary activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus were investigated in vivo. The peptides were administered via the feeding artery (arteria maxillaris), and the resulting effects were registered with a noninvasive photoelectric technique. The(More)
The in vitro effects of the nitric oxide (NO) substrate L-arginine on ciliary beat frequency and the in vivo effects of the NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) on mucociliary activity were investigated in the rabbit maxillary sinus mucosa with photoelectric techniques. L-Arginine increased ciliary beat frequency in vitro with a maximum response of 27.1% +/-(More)
Intraarterial injection of the neuropeptide substance P (SP) accelerates mucociliary (MC) activity. The physiological significance of this finding was investigated using capsaicin, which is known to release SP from unmyelinated C-fibers in sensory nerves. Capsaicin (3.0-150.0 micrograms/kg) stimulated MC activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus in vivo,(More)
Endothelins are recently discovered peptides that cause vasoconstriction and bronchoconstriction. The significance to the mucociliary system of endothelins (ET) 1, 2 and 3 in upper as well as lower airways has not yet been clarified. Effects of these active peptides were investigated, combining both in vitro and in vivo rabbit models of mucociliary activity(More)
PROBLEM Suspected, but objectively absent, rhinosinusitis constitutes a major cause of visits to the doctor, high health care costs, and the over-prescription of antibiotics, contributing to the serious problem of resistant bacteria. This situation is largely due to a lack of reliable and widely applicable diagnostic methods. METHOD A novel method for the(More)
OBJECTIVES We evaluated a method for gas monitoring in the mastoid cavity using tunable diode laser spectroscopy by comparing it to simultaneously obtained computed tomographic (CT) scans. METHODS The presented optical technique measures free gases, oxygen (O2), and water vapor (H2O) within human tissue by use of low-power diode lasers. Laser light was(More)
Idiopathic facial paralysis, or Bell's palsy, shows a nonepidemic pattern that might indicate reactivation of a latent microorganism such as herpes simplex type I as a causative agent. Thirty percent of patients with Bell's palsy given no treatment will not recover completely, and 5% will have severe sequelae. The aim of this study was to find out whether(More)