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Restrictive cardiac valvulopathies observed in Parkinson patients treated with the ergoline dopamine agonist pergolide have recently been associated with the agonist efficacy of the drug at 5-hydroxytryptamine2B (5-HT2B) receptors. To evaluate whether agonism at 5-HT2B receptors is a phenomenon of the class of the ergolines, we studied 5-HT2B(More)
The present study characterizes the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes mediating contractions to noradrenaline in isolated ring preparations of rat tail artery. Concentration-response (E/[A]) curves to noradrenaline were apparently monophasic (pEC(50) 6.47) but became biphasic in the presence of the selective alpha(1A)-adrenoceptor antagonist(More)
The important family of G protein-coupled receptors has so far not been targeted very successfully with conventional monoclonal antibodies. Here we report the isolation and characterization of functional VHH-based immunoglobulin single variable domains (or nanobodies) against the chemokine receptor CXCR4. Two highly selective monovalent nanobodies, 238D2(More)
A series of phenylpiperazine derivatives of phenytoin was evaluated for their affinity at α(1)-adrenoceptor subtypes in functional bioassays (rat tail artery: α(1A) and/or α(1B); guinea pig spleen: α(1B); rat aorta: α(1D)). The most potent compounds at α(1A)-, α(1B)- and α(1D)-adrenoceptors, 11, 18 and 8, showed affinities in the submicromolar range. The(More)
This study characterizes the relaxant response to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) in prostaglandin F2α (PGF2α)-precontracted pulmonary arteries of weaned pigs. In arterial rings with intact endothelium, the relaxation to 5-HT was biphasic. The high affinity component of relaxation to 5-HT (0.1–10 nM) was abolished by mechanical removal of the endothelium or(More)
Ergot alkaloids act as (partial) agonists or antagonists at serotonergic, dopaminergic and α-adrenergic receptors. In contrast to their affinity at serotonergic (5-HT) and dopaminergic receptor subtypes, only limited information is available concerning their interaction with α-adrenoceptor subtypes. This especially holds true for native α-adrenoceptors.(More)
OBJECTIVES The high incidence of fibrotic cardiac valvulopathies reported in association with the 8beta-ergoline dopamine (DA) agonist, pergolide, and also case reports for cabergoline and bromocriptine have made it necessary to review the theoretical basis and actual findings in the case of another DA agonist, the 8alpha-ergoline lisuride (used since the(More)
Dopamine receptor agonists play an important role in the treatment of Parkinson's disease and hyperprolactinemic conditions. Proterguride (n-propyldihydrolisuride) was already reported to be a highly potent dopamine receptor agonist, thus its action at different non-dopaminergic monoamine receptors, alpha(1A/1B/1D), 5-HT(2A/2B)- and histamine H(1), was(More)