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To address the need for bioactive materials toward clinical applications in wound healing and tissue regeneration, an artificial protein was created by recombinant DNA methods and modified by grafting of poly(ethylene glycol) diacrylate. Subsequent photopolymerization of the acrylate-containing precursors yielded protein-graft-poly(ethylene glycol)(More)
Protein-polymer conjugates are widely used in biotechnology and medicine, and new methods to prepare the bioconjugates would be advantageous for these applications. In this report, we demonstrate that bioactive "smart" polymer conjugates can be synthesized by polymerizing from defined initiation sites on proteins, thus preparing the polymer conjugates in(More)
The biochemical and morphological specializations of rod and cone photoreceptors reflect their roles in sight. The apoprotein opsin, which converts photons into chemical signals, functions at one end of these highly polarized cells, in the outer segment. Previous work has shown that the mRNA of rod opsin, the opsin specific to rods, is renewed in the outer(More)
A new chemical cross-linking scheme was utilized for the formation of degradable poly(ethylene glycol) hydrogels suitable for the delivery of protein drugs. An aqueous solution containing a PEG-multiacrylate and solid particles of albumin was mixed with an aqueous solution containing a PEG-dithiol, rapidly producing a cross-linked hydrogel through a(More)
We present here the biological performance in supporting tissue regeneration of hybrid hydrogels consisting of genetically engineered protein polymers that carry specific features of the natural extracellular matrix, cross-linked with reactive poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG). Specifically, the protein polymers contain the cell adhesion motif RGD, which mediates(More)
The survival and functioning of a bone biomaterial upon implantation requires a rapidly forming and stably functioning vascularization that connects the implant to the recipient. We have previously shown that human microcapillary endothelial cells (HDMEC) and primary human osteoblast cells (HOS) in coculture on various 3-D bone biomaterial scaffolds rapidly(More)
Modern tissue engineering concepts integrate cells, scaffolds, signalling molecules and growth factors. For the purposes of regenerative medicine, fetal development is of great interest because it is widely accepted that regeneration recapitulates in part developmental processes. In tissue engineering of cartilage the growth plate of the long bone(More)
Prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) is an arachidonic acid metabolite involved in physiological homeostasis and numerous pathophysiological conditions. Furthermore, it has been demonstrated that prostaglandins have a stimulating effect not only on angiogenesis in situ and in vitro but also on chondrocyte proliferation in vitro. Thus, PGE(2) represents an(More)
In this study we developed polymer scaffolds intended as anchorage rings for cornea prostheses among other applications, and examined their cell compatibility. In particular, a series of interconnected porous polymer scaffolds with pore sizes from 80 to 110 microns were manufactured varying the ratio of hydrophobic to hydrophilic monomeric units along the(More)
The activity of new anti-angiogenic polymeric drugs was tested in a 3D endothelial cell culture system applied as a model of angiogenesis. The assay was performed in a highly reproducible fibrin matrix that supported endothelial cell attachment, proliferation, migration, and formation of capillary-like structures. Active growth factors (FGF and/or VEGF)(More)