Sven Geiselhardt

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We investigated the role that cuticular hydrocarbons (CHC) play in sexual communication by the mustard leaf beetle, Phaedon cochleariae (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae). In laboratory bioassays, male P. cochleariae attempted to copulate with living or freeze-killed females as often as with males. However, the duration of copulation with females was longer than(More)
Egg deposition by the Large Cabbage White butterfly Pieris brassicae on Brussels sprouts plants induces indirect defense by changing the leaf surface, which arrests the egg parasitoid Trichogramma brassicae. Previous studies revealed that this indirect defense response is elicited by benzyl cyanide (BC), which is present in the female accessory reproductive(More)
The role of phenotypical plasticity in ecological speciation and the evolution of sexual isolation remains largely unknown. We investigated whether or not divergent host plant use in an herbivorous insect causes assortative mating by phenotypically altering traits involved in mate recognition. We found that males of the mustard leaf beetle Phaedon(More)
The subsocial tenebrionid Parastizopus armaticeps Pér. is parasitized by the closely related Eremostibes opacus Koch (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae). We found that the pygidial defensive secretions of both species are similar and contain a mixture of 1,4-benzoquinones, 1-alkenes, and monoterpene hydrocarbons. The 1-alkenes are dominated by 1-undecene, with(More)
The chemical composition of the defensive secretions of 52 species from 15 genera of the tenebrionid subtribe Stizopina was analyzed. The secretions of all species contained 1,4-benzoquinones, 1-alkenes, and monoterpene hydrocarbons, only one species was lacking the latter. Methyl- and ethyl-1,4-benzoquinone were ubiquitous, mostly accompanied by smaller(More)
Plant resistance to the feeding by herbivorous insects has recently been found to be positively or negatively influenced by prior egg deposition. Here we show how crucial it is to conduct experiments on plant responses to herbivory under conditions that simulate natural insect behaviour. We used a well-studied plant--herbivore system, Arabidopsis thaliana(More)
Insect tarsal attachment forces are thought to be influenced by the viscosity and surface tension of a thin film of adhesive liquid (wet adhesion). In beetles, this fluid has been shown to be composed mainly of lipophilic substances that are similar to the cuticular lipids. In this study we investigate whether and how the chemical composition of footprint(More)
Males of the desert beetle Parastizopus armaticeps (Pér.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) exhibit a characteristic calling behavior that attracts females by raising the tip of the abdomen, exposing the aedeagus, and remaining in this posture for a few seconds while emitting a pheromone. We collected the pheromone by holding a solid phase microextraction fiber(More)
Breeding burrows of Parastizopus armaticeps armaticeps, a fossorial desert tenebrionid beetle, are cleptoparasitised by the closely related Eremostibes opacus. Gas chromatographic analyses show a high congruity of the cuticular hydrocarbons of both species. We compare these hydrocarbon patterns with those of four other Stizopina species and the Scaurini(More)
Astigmatid mites in the family Canestriniidae are often closely associated with tortoise leaf beetles (Chrysomelidae: Cassidinae). For example, the survival of the commensal canestriniid mite Grandiella rugosita depends on dispersal to the cassidine beetle Acromis sparsa. Here, we tested whether the beetle cuticle provides chemical cues for host recognition(More)