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OBJECTIVE Pulmonary hypertension (PH), defined as a pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) >2.5 Wood units (WU) and (or) a transpulmonary gradient (TPG) >12 mmHg, is an established risk factor for mortality in heart transplantation. Elevated PVR in heart transplant candidates can be reduced using a left ventricular assist device (LVAD), and LVAD is proposed to(More)
OBJECTIVES An increasing number of studies have shown that ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) is safe and that rejected donor lungs can be resuscitated and used for lung transplantation (LTx). Early clinical outcomes in patients transplanted with reconditioned lungs at our centre were reviewed and compared with those of contemporary non-EVLP controls. METHODS(More)
PURPOSE The use of norepinephrine (NE) in patients with volume-resuscitated vasodilatory shock and acute kidney injury (AKI) remains the subject of much debate and controversy. The effects of NE-induced variations in mean arterial blood pressure (MAP) on renal blood flow (RBF), oxygen delivery (RDO(2)), glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and the renal oxygen(More)
The aim was to investigate the role of endothelin 1 receptor subtypes in the early renal response to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) during normotensive endotoxemia with acute kidney dysfunction. Endotoxemia was induced in thiobutabarbital-anesthetized rats (n = 9 per group) by infusion of LPS (dosage, 1 mg/kg per hour i.v.). The study groups (1) sham-saline, (2)(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE In retrospective studies, patients receiving general anesthesia for endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke have worse neurological outcome compared with patients receiving conscious sedation. It has been suggested that this is caused by general anesthesia-associated hypotension. We investigated the effect of intraprocedural(More)
OBJECTIVE Acute renal failure is associated with significant morbidity and mortality rates. Need for dialysis is an independent risk factor for early mortality after complicated cardiac surgery. Human atrial natriuretic peptide (h-ANP) is a potent endogenous natriuretic and diuretic substance. Exogenous administration of h-ANP increases glomerular(More)
BACKGROUND The aim of the present study is to examine the effects of N-acetylcysteine (NAC), a thiol-containing anti-oxidant, on renal function and morphology, and biomarkers of oxidative stress, in rats subjected to renal ischaemia-reperfusion (IR). METHODS Sprague-Dawley rats underwent unilateral nephrectomy and either contralateral renal IR (40 min of(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular (LV) filling is impaired in patients with severe emphysema manifesting in small end-diastolic dimensions. We hypothesized that the hyperinflated lungs of these patients with high intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure will decrease intrathoracic blood volume (ITBV) and ventricular preload. We therefore measured ITBV, and LV(More)
Renal dysfunction is common in clinical settings in which cardiac function is compromised such as heart failure, cardiac surgery or sepsis, and is associated with high morbidity and mortality. Levosimendan is a calcium sensitizer and potassium channel opener used in the treatment of acute heart failure. This review describes the effects of the inodilator(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES Data on the influence of lung volume reduction surgery (LVRS) on cardiac function and hemodynamics are scarce and controversial. Previous studies have focused mainly on right ventricular function and pulmonary hemodynamics. Here, we evaluated the effects of LVRS on left ventricular (LV) end-diastolic filling pattern, dimensions, stiffness,(More)