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We have analysed the transcription of three heat-shock genes, HSP70, HSP83 and ClpB, in the protozoan parasite Leishmania. All three heat-shock genes are transcribed constitutively and not heat-inducibly. However, we find that two major heat-shock proteins, HSP70 and HSP83, are synthesized at elevated rates during heat stress. We conclude that the cellular(More)
Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) have emerged as major regulators of immune responses in cancer and other pathological conditions. In recent years, ample evidence supports key contributions of MDSC to tumour progression through both immune-mediated mechanisms and those not directly associated with immune suppression. MDSC are the subject of(More)
Adjuvant intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) therapy is a well-established and successful adjuvant immunotherapy in the treatment of superficial bladder cancer. Although the function of natural killer (NK) cells in other immunotherapeutic regimens (e.g., lymphokine-activated killer [LAK] cell or interleukin-2 [IL-2] therapy) has been established,(More)
PURPOSE Of all medical disciplines it is exclusively in urology in which immunotherapy for cancer has an established position today with intravesical bacillus Calmette-Guerin (BCG) against superficial bladder carcinoma recurrences. BCG is regarded as the most successful immunotherapy to date. However, the mode of action has not yet been fully elucidated. We(More)
The progression of epithelial cancer is associated with an intense immunological interaction between the tumor cells and immune cells of the host. However, little is known about the interaction between tumor cells and polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMNs) in patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC). In our study, we investigated systemic(More)
In tumor-bearing mice, immunosuppressive granulocytic and monocytic MDSC have been identified. The identity and function of MDSC in cancer patients are less clear and need further characterization. We analyzed the peripheral blood of 103 patients with HNC, lung cancer, or cancers of bladder and ureter. Based on sedimentation properties in density gradients,(More)
There is an increasing interest for monitoring circulating myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in cancer patients, but there are also divergences in their phenotypic definition. To overcome this obstacle, the Cancer Immunoguiding Program under the umbrella of the Association of Cancer Immunotherapy is coordinating a proficiency panel program that aims(More)
Neutrophils are emerging as important mediators in cancer progression. Recent studies associated neutrophils with poor clinical outcome of HNC patients and showed that HNC induces recruitment, survival, and release of proinflammatory factors by neutrophils in vitro. The molecular mechanisms through which HNC and other cancers modulate neutrophil biology are(More)
To identify the molecular basis of IL-10 expression in human phagocytes, we evaluated the chromatin modification status at their IL-10 genomic locus. We analyzed posttranslational modifications of histones associated with genes that are active, repressed, or poised for transcriptional activation, including H3K4me3, H4Ac, H3K27Ac, and H3K4me1 marks.(More)
Platelet factor 4 (PF4; CXCL4) is an abundant platelet alpha-granule CXC chemokine with unique functions. Although lacking a chemotactic activity, PF4 initiates a signal transduction cascade in human monocytes leading to the induction of a broad spectrum of acute and delayed functions including phagocytosis, respiratory burst, survival, and the secretion of(More)