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Loss and recovery of wings in stick insects
The evolution of wings was the central adaptation allowing insects to escape predators, exploit scattered resources, and disperse into new niches, resulting in radiations into vast numbers ofExpand
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Extreme convergence in stick insect evolution: phylogenetic placement of the Lord Howe Island tree lobster
The ‘tree lobsters’ are an enigmatic group of robust, ground-dwelling stick insects (order Phasmatodea) from the subfamily Eurycanthinae, distributed in New Guinea, New Caledonia and associatedExpand
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On the head morphology of Phyllium and the phylogenetic relationships of Phasmatodea (Insecta)
Friedemann K., Wipfler B., Bradler S. and Beutel R.G. 2011. On the head morphology of Phyllium and the phylogenetic relationships of Phasmatodea (Insecta). —Acta Zoologica (Stockholm) 00: 1–16.Expand
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The phylogenetic placement and biogeographical origins of the New Zealand stick insects (Phasmatodea)
The Lanceocercata are a clade of stick insects (Phasmatodea) that have undergone an impressive evolutionary radiation in Australia, New Caledonia, the Mascarene Islands and areas of the Pacific.Expand
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A molecular phylogeny of Phasmatodea with emphasis on Necrosciinae, the most species‐rich subfamily of stick insects
The phasmatodeans or stick and leaf insects are considered to be a mesodiverse insect order with more than 3000 species reported mainly from the tropics. The stick insect subfamily NecrosciinaeExpand
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Single origin of the Mascarene stick insects: ancient radiation on sunken islands?
BackgroundThe study of islands as model systems plays a key role in understanding many evolutionary processes. Knowledge of the historical events leading to present-day island communities is pivotalExpand
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Evolution of Oviposition Techniques in Stick and Leaf Insects (Phasmatodea)
Stick and leaf insects (Phasmatodea) are large, tropical, predominantly nocturnal herbivores, which exhibit extreme masquerade crypsis, whereby they morphologically and behaviorally resemble twigs,Expand
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The first fossil leaf insect: 47 million years of specialized cryptic morphology and behavior
Stick and leaf insects (insect order Phasmatodea) are represented primarily by twig-imitating slender forms. Only a small percentage (≈1%) of extant phasmids belong to the leaf insects (Phylliinae),Expand
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Extreme convergence in egg-laying strategy across insect orders
The eggs of stick and leaf insects (Phasmatodea) bear strong resemblance to plant seeds and are commonly dispersed by females dropping them to the litter. Here we report a novel egg-deposition modeExpand
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