Sven Baumann

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The tuberculosis vaccine Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) was equipped with the membrane-perforating listeriolysin (Hly) of Listeria monocytogenes, which was shown to improve protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Following aerosol challenge, the Hly-secreting recombinant BCG (hly+ rBCG) vaccine was shown to protect significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Peptidome profiling of human urine is a promising tool to identify novel disease-associated biomarkers; however, a wide range of preanalytical variables influence the results of peptidome analysis. Our aim was to develop a standardized protocol for reproducible urine peptidome profiling by means of magnetic bead (MB) separation followed by(More)
PURPOSE Mass spectrometry-based serum peptidome profiling is a promising tool to identify novel disease-associated biomarkers, but is limited by preanalytic factors and the intricacies of complex data processing. Therefore, we investigated whether standardized sample protocols and new bioinformatic tools combined with external data validation improve the(More)
Apoptosis and activation of macrophages play an important role in the host response to mycobacterial infection involving TNF-alpha as a critical autocrine mediator. The underlying mechanisms are still ill-defined. Here, we demonstrate elevated levels of methylglyoxal (MG), a small and reactive molecule that is usually a physiological product of various(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic lipidosis or fatty liver disease is a major metabolic disorder of high-producing dairy cows that compromises animal performance and, hence, causes heavy economic losses worldwide. This syndrome, occurring during the critical transition from gestation to early lactation, leads to an impaired health status, decreased milk yield, reduced(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic bead purification for the analysis of low-abundance proteins in body fluids facilitates the identification of potential new biomarkers by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The aims of our study were to establish a proteome fractionation technique and to validate a standardized(More)
Organohalides are environmentally relevant compounds that can be degraded by aerobic and anaerobic microorganisms. The denitrifying Thauera chlorobenzoica is capable of degrading halobenzoates as sole carbon and energy source under anaerobic conditions. LC-MS/MS-based coenzyme A (CoA) thioester analysis revealed that 3-chloro- or 3-bromobenzoate were(More)
One of the features of protein-based stable isotope probing is the parallel identification of differentially labeled peptide forms and the accurate calculation of their relative isotope abundances. The level of incorporation is informative of the metabolic activity of the species that synthesized the said protein and peptide. To model the carbon flux in a(More)
Toluene, benzene and styrene are volatile organic compounds (VOCs) widely distributed in the environment. Tobacco smoke, traffic exposure and solvents used for paints, rubber and adhesives are known sources for these compounds. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether toluene, benzene and styrene can induce inflammatory reactions in lung(More)
BACKGROUND [corrected] Mycophenolic Acid (MPA) is often co-prescribed as part of a multiple immunosuppressant drug regimen. In this study an established LC-MS/MS method for the measurement of immunosuppressants cyclosporine A, tacrolimus, sirolimus and everolimus was optimized to include MPA without changing the sample pre-treatment and the LC-MS/MS(More)