Sven Baumann

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The tuberculosis vaccine Mycobacterium bovis bacille Calmette-Guérin (BCG) was equipped with the membrane-perforating listeriolysin (Hly) of Listeria monocytogenes, which was shown to improve protection against Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Following aerosol challenge, the Hly-secreting recombinant BCG (hly+ rBCG) vaccine was shown to protect significantly(More)
BACKGROUND Peptidome profiling of human urine is a promising tool to identify novel disease-associated biomarkers; however, a wide range of preanalytical variables influence the results of peptidome analysis. Our aim was to develop a standardized protocol for reproducible urine peptidome profiling by means of magnetic bead (MB) separation followed by(More)
BACKGROUND Magnetic bead purification for the analysis of low-abundance proteins in body fluids facilitates the identification of potential new biomarkers by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS). The aims of our study were to establish a proteome fractionation technique and to validate a standardized(More)
A current challenge in the era of genome-wide studies is to determine the responsible genes and mechanisms underlying newly identified loci. Screening of the plasma proteome by high-throughput mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS) is considered a promising approach for identification of metabolic and disease processes. Therefore, plasma proteome screening might(More)
In the early phase of an immune response, T cells are activated and acquire effector functions. Whereas these short term activated T cells are resistant to CD95-mediated apoptosis, activated T cells in prolonged culture are readily sensitive, leading to activation-induced cell death and termination of the immune response. The translation inhibitor,(More)
This study provides a mathematical model of T7 RNA polymerase (T7 RNAP) kinetics under in vitro conditions targeted at application of this model to simulation of dynamic transcription performance. A functional dependence of transcript synthesis rate is derived based on: (a) essential reactant concentrations, including T7 RNAP and its promoter, substrate(More)
Apoptosis and activation of macrophages play an important role in the host response to mycobacterial infection involving TNF-alpha as a critical autocrine mediator. The underlying mechanisms are still ill-defined. Here, we demonstrate elevated levels of methylglyoxal (MG), a small and reactive molecule that is usually a physiological product of various(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatic lipidosis or fatty liver disease is a major metabolic disorder of high-producing dairy cows that compromises animal performance and, hence, causes heavy economic losses worldwide. This syndrome, occurring during the critical transition from gestation to early lactation, leads to an impaired health status, decreased milk yield, reduced(More)
Diatoms are major contributors to the aquatic primary productivity and show an efficient acclimation ability to changing light intensities. Here, we investigated the acclimation of Phaeodactylum tricornutum to different light quality with respect to growth rate, photosynthesis rate, macromolecular composition and the metabolic profile by shifting the light(More)
Background: The computer-assisted detection of small molecules by mass spectrometry in biological samples provides a snapshot of thousands of peptides, protein fragments and proteins in biological samples. This new analytical technology has the potential to identify disease associated proteomic patterns in blood serum. However, the presently available(More)