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PURPOSE Motor-evoked potentials (MEPs) were monitored during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair to assess spinal cord ischemia and evaluate the subsequent protective strategies to prevent neurologic deficit. METHODS Between January 1996 and December 1997, 52 consecutive patients with type I (n = 24) and type II (n = 28) TAAA underwent surgery(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare transcranial motor evoked potentials (tc-MEPs) and somatosensory evoked potentials (SSEPs) as indicators of spinal cord function during thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm repair. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Somatosensory evoked potentials reflect conduction in dorsal columns. tc-MEPs represent anterior horn motor neuron function. This is(More)
Besides renal failure and mesenteric infarction, spinal cord ischemia is the most dreaded complication after thoracoabdominal aortic surgery. Several techniques have been developed to improve neurologic outcome of these massive surgical procedures, including pharmacologic adjuncts, epidural cooling, distal aortic perfusion, cerebrospinal fluid drainage, and(More)
Fractures of the scaphoid bone mainly occur in young adults and constitute 2-7% of all fractures. The specific blood supply in combination with the demanding functional requirements can easily lead to disturbed fracture healing. Displaced scaphoid fractures are seen on radiographs. The diagnostic strategy of suspected scaphoid fractures, however, is(More)
OBJECTIVE To report on the results of a minimally invasive technique for the fixation of displaced proximal humeral fractures with a locked intramedullary nail. PATIENTS AND METHODS All consecutive patients treated with a T2 intramedullary nail between 2004 and 2007 were evaluated. Thirty-three patients were included [mean age 78, m:f ratio (1:4)].(More)
BACKGROUND Over the past decades, the operative treatment of displaced midshaft clavicular fractures has increased. The aim of this study was to compare short and midterm results of open reduction and plate fixation with those of intramedullary nailing for displaced midshaft clavicular fractures. METHODS A multicenter, randomized controlled trial was(More)
We evaluated 100 consecutive patients with a suspected scaphoid fracture but without evidence of a fracture on plain radiographs using MRI within 24 hours of injury, and bone scintigraphy three to five days after injury. The reference standard for a true radiologically-occult scaphoid fracture was either a diagnosis of fracture on both MRI and bone(More)
OBJECTIVES Some have suggested that MRI might be the best reference standard for a true fracture among patients with suspected scaphoid fractures. The primary aim of this study was to determine the rate of false-positive diagnosis of an acute scaphoid fracture in a cohort of healthy volunteers. METHODS In a prospective study, 33 healthy volunteers were(More)
OBJECTIVES There is substantial variation in the classification and management of scapula fractures. The first purpose of this study was to analyze the interobserver reliability of the OTA/AO classification and the New International Classification for Scapula Fractures. The second purpose was to assess the proportion of agreement among orthopaedic surgeons(More)
BACKGROUND Death due to trauma is assumed to follow a trimodal distribution. Since 1995 measures have been taken to regulate organisations involved in trauma care systems in the Netherlands. In estimating the effect of this system we have evaluated the time of death distribution in the University Medical Centre Utrecht (UMCU). STUDY DESIGN Prospectively(More)