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In lymphoid tissue, where human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) is produced and stored, three-drug treatment with viral protease and reverse transcriptase inhibitors markedly reduced viral burden. This was shown by in situ hybridization and computerized quantitative analysis of serial tonsil biopsies from previously untreated adults. The frequency of(More)
In sexual transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus, and early and later stages of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection, both viruses were found to replicate predominantly in CD4(+) T cells at the portal of entry and in lymphoid tissues. Infection was propagated not only in activated and proliferating T cells but also, surprisingly, in(More)
The effectiveness and antiretroviral activities of interferon-alpha in AIDS-related Kaposi's sarcoma was assessed in a non-randomised, phase-II clinical trial. 28 patients were treated with high-dose (27-36 MU) human recombinant interferon-alpha 2a subcutaneously every day for 8 weeks. In patients with stable disease or showing a response, treatment was(More)
BACKGROUND Lipoatrophy is known to be associated with stavudine as part of the treatment for HIV infection, but it is less clear if this serious side effect is also related to other nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors like zidovudine. We aimed to determine whether zidovudine-sparing first-line antiretroviral therapy would lead to less lipoatrophy(More)
We studied the intrahost evolution and dynamics of a multidrug-resistant HIV-1, which contains an insertion of two amino acids (aa) and several aa changes within the reverse transcriptase (RT) gene. From an individual receiving intermittent therapy, sequences of 231 full-length molecular clones of HIV-1 RT were obtained from serum-derived viruses at 12(More)
A 58-year-old patient suffering from Guillain-Barré syndrome was successfully treated with plasma exchange therapy. Two- and half year later she developed AIDS. The only risk factor of this patient was plasmapheresis and it appeared, retrospectively, that one of the plasma donor samples contained antibodies to HIV. Knowing the exact moment of infection of(More)