Sven A. Danner

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In sexual transmission of simian immunodeficiency virus, and early and later stages of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) infection, both viruses were found to replicate predominantly in CD4(+) T cells at the portal of entry and in lymphoid tissues. Infection was propagated not only in activated and proliferating T cells but also, surprisingly, in(More)
In lymphoid tissue, where human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) is produced and stored, three-drug treatment with viral protease and reverse transcriptase inhibitors markedly reduced viral burden. This was shown by in situ hybridization and computerized quantitative analysis of serial tonsil biopsies from previously untreated adults. The frequency of(More)
BACKGROUND Ritonavir is a potent, orally bioavailable inhibitor of HIV-1 protease. We undertook an international, multicentre, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of ritonavir in patients with HIV-1 infection and CD4-lymphocyte counts of 100 cells/microL or less, who had previously been treated with antiretroviral drugs. METHODS 1090(More)
The origin of CD4+ T cells reappearing in the blood following antiretroviral therapy in human immunodeficiency virus type-1 (HIV-1) infection is still controversial. Here we show, using mathematical modeling, that redistribution of T cells to the blood can explain the striking correlation between the initial CD4+ and CD8+ memory T-cell repopulation and the(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the risk of hepatotoxicity after initiation of protease inhibitor-containing highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for HIV-1 infected patients with chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) or hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection. DESIGN Retrospective study with 394 HIV-1-infected patients initiating HAART at a single university(More)
BACKGROUND Adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) for human immunodeficiency syndrome type 1 (HIV-1) infection is essential to sustain viral suppression and prevent drug resistance. We investigated adherence to HAART among patients in a clinical cohort study. METHODS Patients receiving HAART had their plasma concentrations of protease(More)
The effect of the appearance of drug-resistant human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) on viral RNA load was studied in patients treated with the reverse transcriptase inhibitor lamivudine. During the first 12 weeks of treatment, HIV-1 RNA concentrations and amino acid changes in codon 184, causing high-level resistance to lamivudine, were determined in(More)
OBJECTIVE We studied changes in bone mineral density (BMD) and bone turnover after initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and the contribution of zidovudine/lamivudine (ZDV/3TC) in particular. DESIGN Randomized clinical trial comparing lopinavir/ritonavir(LPV/r) + ZDV/3TC with LPV/r + nevirapine (NVP) in 50 cART-naive men. METHODS Dual(More)
BACKGROUND Falls occur frequently in older people and strongly affect quality of life. Guidelines recommend multifactorial, targeted fall prevention. We evaluated the effectiveness of a multifactorial intervention in older persons with a high risk of recurrent falls. METHODS A randomized controlled trial was conducted from April 3, 2005, to July 21, 2008,(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the efficacy of ritonavir-boosted protease inhibitor monotherapy. DESIGN AND METHODS Systematic review of all protease inhibitor-monotherapy studies published in peer-reviewed journals or presented at conferences to date. Data of randomized controlled trials were pooled to yield common odds ratios. RESULTS Twenty-two protease(More)