Svein Rune Andersen

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Sera from mice immunized with native or detergent-extracted outer membrane vesicles derived from lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mutant 44/76(Mu-4) of Neisseria meningitidis were analyzed for antibodies to LPS. The carbohydrate portion of 44/76(Mu-4) LPS consists of the complete inner core, Glc beta 1-->4[GlcNAc alpha 1-->2Hep alpha 1-->3]Hep alpha 1-->5KDO[4-->2(More)
A nasal vaccine, consisting of outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) from group B Neisseria meningitidis, was given to 12 volunteers in the form of nose drops or nasal spray four times at weekly intervals, with a fifth dose 5 months later. Each nasal dose consisted of 250 microg of protein, equivalent to 10 times the intramuscular dose that was administered twice(More)
The mouse humoral immune response toward native or detergent-extracted outer membrane vesicles (NOMVs and DOMVs, respectively) from Neisseria meningitidis was determined after intranasal immunization. Both preparations elicited high frequencies of NOMV-specific antibody-forming cells (AFCs) locally in the nasal associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) after three(More)
Tumour necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), IL-1alpha and IL-6 production by human monocytes in response to a clinical strain of the Gram-negative encapsulated bacteria Neisseria meningitidis and an isogenic lpxA- strain deficient in LPS was investigated. Wild-type N. meningitidis at concentrations between 105 and 108 organisms/ml and purified LPS induced(More)
Interactions between dendritic cells (DCs) and microbial pathogens are fundamental to the generation of innate and adaptive immune responses. Upon stimulation with bacteria or bacterial components such as lipopolysaccharide (LPS), immature DCs undergo a maturation process that involves expression of costimulatory molecules, HLA molecules, and cytokines and(More)
Vascular endothelial injury is responsible for many of the clinical manifestations of severe meningococcal disease. Binding and migration of activated host inflammatory cells is a central process in vascular damage. The expression and function of adhesion molecules regulate interactions between leukocytes and endothelial cells. Little is known about how(More)
Four lipopolysaccharide (LPS) mutants (Mu-1 to Mu-4) were isolated after exposing Neisseria meningitidis strain 44/76 to pyocins from Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Parent strain LPS contained one major SDS-PAGE band expressing the immunotype determinants of L3, L3,7 and L3,7,9 and a minor band of higher mobility expressing the immunotype determinants of L8, L8a,(More)
A Norwegian outer membrane vesicle (OMV) vaccine against group B meningococcal disease proved to be strongly immunogenic when administered intranasally in mice. The OMV preparation, made from Neisseria meningitidis and intended for parenteral use, was therefore given without adjuvant to human volunteers (n = 12) in the form of nose drops or nasal spray.(More)
We have previously shown that following intranasal exposure to influenza virus, specific plasma cells are generated in the nasal-associated lymphoid tissue (NALT) and maintained for the life of the animal. However, we also showed that following infection with respiratory syncytial virus (RSV), specific plasma cells are generated in the NALT but wane quickly(More)
Whole killed meningococci (Nm) and pertussis bacteria (Bp) were tested for mucosal immunogenicity and as mucosal adjuvants for an inactivated influenza virus vaccine given intranasally to unanaesthetized mice. Virus was given alone, or simply mixed with one of the bacterial preparations, in four doses at weekly intervals. The virus alone induced low but(More)