Suzanne Steffenburg

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This follow-up study reports data from a population-based series of children in the Göteborg region of Sweden diagnosed in childhood as suffering from infantile autism and other childhood psychoses and followed through to the ages of 16-23 years. The results of the study are in good accord with the only previous population-based study of the same kind. IQ(More)
A total population study of children, aged 13 years and under, suggested that there has been an apparent rise in the frequency of autistic disorder and autistic-like conditions (excluding Asperger's syndrome) in one area of western Sweden over the last ten years. The frequency was 4.0/100,000 in 1980, 7.5/10,000 in 1984 and 11.6/10,000 in 1988 in the city(More)
The Nordic countries were screened for the occurrence of cases of autism with a same-sexed twin under age 25 years. Twenty-one pairs (11 monozygotic and 10 dizygotic) of twins and one set of identical triplets were found and extensively examined. The concordance for autism by pair was 91% in the monoygotic and 0% in the dizygotic pairs. The corresponding(More)
The aim of this study was to examine the prevalence of angelman syndrome in prepubertal school-aged children and analyze its comorbidity with autistic disorder. A clinical/psychiatric evaluation of a population-based sample of 6- to 13-year-old mentally retarded children with active epilepsy was performed. Four individuals in a total population of almost(More)
Seventeen children and young adults with Moebius syndrome were examined with a view to finding symptoms of autism. Some 40% of the group showed all or many of the symptoms typical of autistic disorder. The high frequency of autistic symptoms in Moebius syndrome might be a marked overrepresentation and could be suggestive of a common underlying(More)
Six boys who all showed the combination of moderate-severe mental retardation, autistic behavior, and mild-moderate physical stigmatization are described. Muscular hypotonia, epilepsy, and kyphoscoliosis were associated features in several cases, as were extremes of short stature and low weight. A supernumerary chromosome was found in all six cases, and it(More)
A population-based study of infantile autism from western Sweden has been completed. Urban children with autism more often than age-matched children in the general population had immigrant parents from 'exotic' countries. No such trend was seen in rural children with infantile autism.
The aim of this study was to examine the comorbidity pattern, seizure characteristics, and aetiology in a representative group of children with a combination of autism spectrum disorder (ASD), active epilepsy, and learning disability. Ninety children (47 males, 43 females; mean age 11 years 2 months, range 8 to 16 years at the time of psychiatric(More)
The data in this article are based on investigations performed in 25 children with suspected septo-optic dysplasia (SOD). There are many signs and methods that help in the diagnosis of SOD. In particular, the ocular fundus, abnormalities of the hypothalamo-pituitary axis and other midline brain structures should be described. In order to achieve a more(More)
Seventeen children with classical Kanner autism and three children with Asperger syndrome, all of whom had Full-scale IQs above 65, were subjected to a neurobiological assessment, including CAT scan, auditory brainstem response, EEG, chromosomal cultures, cerebrospinal fluid, blood and urine examinations and a thorough physical examination. 15 of the 20(More)