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BACKGROUND Although several risk factors for cognitive decline have been identified, much less is known about factors that predict maintenance of cognitive function in advanced age. METHODS We studied 2,509 well-functioning black and white elders enrolled in a prospective study. Cognitive function was measured using the Modified Mini-Mental State(More)
OBJECTIVES To define clinically relevant cutpoints for usual gait speed and to investigate their predictive value for health-related events in older persons. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING Health, Aging and Body Composition Study. PARTICIPANTS Three thousand forty-seven well-functioning older persons (mean age 74.2). MEASUREMENTS Usual(More)
BACKGROUND Emerging evidence indicates an association between cognitive function and physical performance in late life. This study examines the relationship between cognitive function and subsequent gait speed decline among high-functioning older adults. METHODS Measures of global cognitive function (Modified Mini Mental State Examination [3MS]) and(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine whether observed differences in dementia rates between black and white older people living in the community could be explained by measures of socioeconomic status (income, financial adequacy, education, and literacy) and health related factors. DESIGN Prospective cohort study. SETTING General community from two clinic sites in the(More)
BACKGROUND Whether hearing loss is independently associated with accelerated cognitive decline in older adults is unknown. METHODS We studied 1984 older adults (mean age, 77.4 years) enrolled in the Health ABC Study, a prospective observational study begun in 1997-1998. Our baseline cohort consisted of participants without prevalent cognitive impairment(More)
CONTEXT Depression has been hypothesized to result in abdominal obesity through the accumulation of visceral fat. No large study has tested this hypothesis longitudinally. OBJECTIVE To examine whether depressive symptoms predict an increase in abdominal obesity in a large population-based sample of well-functioning older persons. DESIGN The Health,(More)
Auditory stimuli were used to elicit a P300 event-related evoked potential (ERP) in rat. Test conditions were comparable to those for eliciting ERP's in humans. A train of background tones with a randomly inserted target tone at a ten to one ratio were presented individually to ten unrestrained subjects in a baseline, a novel, and a trained condition. In(More)
BACKGROUND Leukocyte telomere length (LTL) is an emerging marker of biological age. Chronic inflammatory activity is commonly proposed as a promoter of biological aging in general, and of leukocyte telomere shortening in particular. In addition, senescent cells with critically short telomeres produce pro-inflammatory factors. However, in spite of the(More)
BACKGROUND the xanthophylls lutein (L) and zeaxanthin (Z) exist in relatively high concentration in multiple central nervous tissues (e.g. cortex and neural retina). L + Z in macula (i.e. macular pigment, MP) are thought to serve multiple functions, including protection and improvement of visual performance. Also, L + Z in the macula are related to L + Z in(More)
BACKGROUND The health pessimism hypothesis suggests that Black elders are more pessimistic about health than Whites and therefore tend to report lower self-rated health (SRH) at comparable health status. The current analysis examined the factors associated with SRH and tested the health pessimism hypothesis among older adults at similar levels of physical(More)