Suzanne R Kesten

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Fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) is an integral membrane serine hydrolase that degrades the fatty acid amide family of signaling lipids, including the endocannabinoid anandamide. Genetic or pharmacological inactivation of FAAH leads to analgesic and anti-inflammatory phenotypes in rodents without showing the undesirable side effects observed with direct(More)
2-(Aminoalkyl)-5-nitropyrazolo[3,4,5-kl]acridines were prepared from substituted anilines via the 1-chloro-4-nitroacridones followed by condensation with [(alkylamino)alkyl]hydrazines. Impressive activity was demonstrated for the 9-hydroxy, 9-alkoxy, and 9-acyloxy analogs in vitro on a L1210 leukemia line and in vivo against the P388 leukemia. Advanced(More)
The synthesis and structure-activity relationships (SAR) of a series of benzothiophene piperazine and piperidine urea FAAH inhibitors is described. These compounds inhibit FAAH by covalently modifying the enzyme's active site serine nucleophile. Activity-based protein profiling (ABPP) revealed that these urea inhibitors were completely selective for FAAH(More)
4-[4-(4-Benzylpiperidin-1-yl)but-1-ynyl]phenol (8) and 4-[3-(4-benzylpiperidin-1-yl)prop-1-ynyl]phenol (9) are potent NR1A/2B receptor antagonists (IC(50) values 0.17 and 0.10 microM, respectively). Administered intraperitoneally, they both potentiated the activity of L-DOPA in the unilaterally 6-hydroxydopamine-lesioned (6-OHDA) rat, a model of Parkinson's(More)
A series of [4-[2(4-arylpiperazin-1-yl)alkyl]cyclohexyl]pyrimidin-2-ylamine s was prepared and found to have receptor binding affinity for D2 and D3 dopamine (DA) receptors and serotonin 5-HT1A receptors. The structural contributions to D2/D3 and 5-HT1A receptor binding of the aminopyrimidine, cycloalkyl, and phenylpiperazine portions of the molecule were(More)
A benzylpiperidine analogue with an acetylenic linker, 5-(3-[4-(4-fluorobenzyl)-piperidin-1-yl]-prop-1-ynyl)-1,3-dihydrobenzimidazol-2-one (3), was identified as a chemical lead with excellent activity at the NR1A/2B receptor (IC50=3 nM). Efforts to optimize this activity led to focused modifications around the structural motif of 3. The synthesis and SAR(More)
The discovery of a series of chromen-2-ones with selective affinity for the dopamine (DA) D4 receptor is described. Target compounds were tested for binding to cloned human DA D2L, D3, and D4.2 receptor subtypes expressed in Chinese hamster ovary K1 cells. Several compounds demonstrated high affinity (<20 nM, K(i)) and greater than 100-fold selectivity for(More)
The inhibition of the cytosolic isoenzyme BCAT that is expressed specifically in neuronal tissue is likely to be useful for the treatment of neurodegenerative and other neurological disorders where glutamatergic mechanisms are implicated. Compound 2 exhibited an IC50 of 0.8 microM in the hBCATc assays; it is an active and selective inhibitor. Inhibitor 2(More)
A novel dopamine (DA) autoreceptor agonist, 1,2,3,6-tetrahydro-4-phenyl-1- [(3-phenyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)methyl]pyridine (14), was identified. The structure-activity relationships surrounding this compound were studied by synthesis of analogues and evaluation of their dopaminergic activity. The cyclohexene substitution pattern was varied along with the(More)