Suzanne R. Broussard

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The behavioral repertoire of humans and animals changes dramatically following infection. Sick individuals have little motivation to eat, are listless, complain of fatigue and malaise, loose interest in social activities and have significant changes in sleep patterns. They display an inability to experience pleasure, have exaggerated responses to pain and(More)
Interleukin (IL)-10 is synthesized in the central nervous system (CNS) and acts to limit clinical symptoms of stroke, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer's disease, meningitis, and the behavioral changes that occur during bacterial infections. Expression of IL-10 is elevated during the course of most major diseases in the CNS and promotes survival of neurons and(More)
GH and IGF-I control over 80% of postnatal growth. We recently established that TNFalpha impairs the ability of IGF-I to increase protein synthesis and promote expression of myogenin in myoblasts. Here we extend these results by showing that ceramide, a second messenger in both TNFalpha and IL-1beta receptor signaling pathways, is a key downstream(More)
TNFalpha is elevated following damage to skeletal muscle. Here we provide evidence that TNFalpha acts on muscle cells to induce a state of IGF-I receptor resistance. We establish that TNFalpha inhibits IGF-I-stimulated protein synthesis in primary porcine myoblasts. Similar results were observed in C(2)C(12) murine myoblasts, where as little as 0.01 ng/ml(More)
Insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) act within the brain to enhance neuronal survival and plasticity. We extend these findings by showing that the presence of both neurotrophins is required to depress the rise in intracellular Ca2+ caused by glutamate in primary cultures of cerebrocortical neurons. IGF-I enhanced(More)
Deterioration of the thymus gland during aging is accompanied by a reduction in plasma GH. Here we report gross and microscopic results from 24-month-old Wistar-Furth rats treated with rat GH derived from syngeneic GH3 cells or with recombinant human GH. Histological evaluation of aged rats treated with either rat or human GH displayed clear morphologic(More)
Proinflammatory cytokines are elevated in disorders characterized by muscle wasting and weakness, such as inflammatory myopathies and AIDS wasting. We recently demonstrated that TNF-alpha impairs the ability of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I to promote protein synthesis in muscle precursor cells. In this study we extend these findings by showing that(More)
IL-10 is well known to be a potent inhibitor of the synthesis of proinflammatory cytokines, but noninflammatory hemopoietic cells also express IL-10Rs. Here we show that IL-10 directly affects progenitor myeloid cells by protecting them from death following the removal of growth factors. Murine factor-dependent cell progenitors cultured in the absence of(More)
The anti-inflammatory cytokine interleukin (IL)-10 is important for regulating inflammation in the periphery and brain, but whether it protects against infection- or age-related psychomotor disturbances and fatigue is unknown. Therefore, the present study evaluated motor coordination, time to fatigue, and several central and peripheral proinflammatory(More)
IL-10 is an anti-inflammatory cytokine that has recently been shown to promote survival of neurons and glia. Here we establish that IL-10 induces phosphorylation of Stat3 on Tyr(705) and serves as a survival factor for N13 microglial cells. Recombinant IL-10 (10 ng/ml) decreases growth factor withdrawal-induced apoptosis by 50%, as assessed by TUNEL. In(More)