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This study was designed to investigate the mechanism of endothelin-1 (ET-1) contractions in Staphylococcus alpha-toxin-permeabilized vascular smooth muscle. Rabbit small mesenteric arteries permeabilized with alpha-toxin were mounted for isometric or isotonic force recording or were processed for determination of myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation(More)
Thromboxane A2/prostaglandin endoperoxide receptor antagonists were studied in rat and guinea-pig aortas contracted with U-46619 (9,11-dideoxy-11 alpha,9 alpha-epoxymethanoprostaglandin F2 alpha) or 8-epi-prostaglandin F2 alpha. In rat aorta, the antagonists competitively inhibited contractions evoked by either agonist with a rank order of potency as(More)
1. We tested the hypotheses that coupling between oxidative metabolism and force in noradrenaline (NOR)-activated rabbit aorta is controlled (a) by an energy-dependent step or steps in receptor-operated coupling mechanisms upstream to myosin light chain (MLC) kinase, or (b) by energy limitation of MLC kinase-mediated phosphorylation of the MLC or(More)
Ca(2+)-dependent myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation is an important step in the initiation of smooth muscle contraction. However, MLC phosphorylation alone cannot account for all aspects of contractile regulation, suggesting the involvement of other elements. In this article we present evidence obtained from Triton X-100 detergent skinned and intact(More)
BMS-182874 [5-(dimethylamino)-N-(3,4-dimethyl-5-isoxazolyl)-1-naphthalene sulfonamide] is a recently discovered, low molecular weight, nonpeptide endothelin (ET) receptor antagonist. BMS-182874 competitively inhibited the binding of [125I]ET-1 to ETA receptors in rat vascular smooth muscle A10 (VSM-A10) cell membranes (Ki = 61 nM) and in CHO cells stably(More)
The functional importance of endothelin ETA and ETB receptors in selected arterial and venous smooth muscle preparations was characterized. Endothelin-1 induced force in the saphenous and jugular veins is normally mediated by endothelin ETB-like receptors. However, desensitization or pharmacological block of these receptors reveals an endothelin ETA(More)
1. This study compares the activity of BMS-180560 (2-butyl-1-chloro-1-[[1-[2-(2H-tetrazol-5-yl)phenyl]-1H-indol-4- yl]methyl]-1H-imidazole-5-carboxylic acid), an insurmountable angiotensin II (AII) receptor antagonist, with that of losartan and EXP3174 in functional and biochemical models of AII-receptor activation. 2. BMS-180560 selectively inhibited(More)
The vasoactive peptides endothelin-1 (ET-1) and angiotensin-II (AII) have been implicated in chronic hypertension and may play important roles in related vascular diseases such as restenosis and atherosclerosis. Using a rat aortic smooth muscle (RASM) cell model, both ET-1 and AII induced concentration-dependent delayed increases in DNA synthesis relative(More)
1. There are at least two subtypes of vascular endothelin (ET) receptors. Stimulation of the ETA receptors on vascular smooth muscle cells leads to vasoconstriction, whereas activation of the ETB receptors on endothelial cells elicits vasodilatation. Several reports in the literature have suggested the presence of a vasoconstrictor non-ETA receptor on(More)