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Effective stroke rehabilitation must be early, intensive and repetitive, which can lead to problems with patient motivation and engagement. The design of video games, often associated with good user engagement, may offer insights into how more effective systems for stroke rehabilitation can be developed. In this paper we identify game design principles for(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the clinical effectiveness of Low Level Laser Therapy (LLLT) in the treatment of tendinopathy. Secondary objectives were to determine the relevance of irradiation parameters to outcomes, and the validity of current dosage recommendations for the treatment of tendinopathy. BACKGROUND LLLT is proposed as a possible treatment for tendon(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to investigate the potential utility of a new biopsychosocial screening questionnaire (Acute Low Back Pain Screening Questionnaire) by exploring the relation between it and several physical risk factors and posttreatment outcomes so as to establish a cutoff point for the local population. The relation between the(More)
STUDY DESIGN A systematic review. OBJECTIVES This systematic review sought papers (January 1989-January 2000) on the passive straight leg raising test (PSLR) as a diagnostic component for low back pain (LBP) to identify, summarize, and assess developments in the test procedure, the factors influencing PSLR outcome, and the clinical significance of that(More)
BACKGROUND There are wide variations in the clinical use of cryotherapy, and guidelines continue to be made on an empirical basis. STUDY DESIGN Systematic review assessing the evidence base for cryotherapy in the treatment of acute soft-tissue injuries. METHODS A computerized literature search, citation tracking, and hand searching were carried out up(More)
OBJECTIVES The aim of this study was to investigate potential associations between the Acute Low Back Pain Screening Questionnaire (ALBPSQ), a biopsychosocial screening instrument for identifying patients at risk of chronicity, and relevant variables at 1-year follow-up in a cohort of patients with low back pain. STUDY DESIGN A 1-year prospective study(More)
STUDY DESIGN A systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). OBJECTIVE To explore the evidence for the effectiveness of acupuncture for nonspecific low back pain (LBP). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA Since the most recent systematic reviews on RCTs on acupuncture for LBP, 6 RCTs have been published, which may impact on the previous conclusions.(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate the feasibility of a randomized-controlled trial (RCT) investigating the effects of adding auricular acupuncture (AA) to exercise for participants with chronic low-back pain (CLBP). METHODS Participants with CLBP were recruited from primary care and a university population and were randomly allocated (n=51) to 1 of 2 groups: (1)(More)
OBJECTIVE To review the quality of literature and measurement properties of physical performance tests (PPTs) of the lower extremity in athletes. METHODS Using the PICOS method we established our research question as to whether individual PPTs of the lower extremity have any relationship to injury in competitive athletes ages 12 years to adult (no limit).(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the feasibility and practicalities of using the technique of mental practice as an adjunct in the rehabilitation of the upper limb following stroke. DESIGN A series of single-case studies. SETTING A stroke rehabilitation unit in Belfast. SUBJECTS Fourteen patients admitted for rehabilitation of their first stroke: six men and four(More)