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Recent evidence from genome sequence analyses demands a substantial revision of the taxonomy and classification of the family Baculoviridae. Comparisons of 29 baculovirus genomes indicated that baculovirus phylogeny followed the classification of the hosts more closely than morphological traits that have previously been used for classification of this virus(More)
The gypsy moth (Lymantria dispar) is nonpermissive for Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcNPV) infection. We previously isolated a gene, host range factor 1 (hrf-1), from L. dispar nucleopolyhedrovirus that promotes AcNPV replication in Ld652Y cells, a nonpermissive L. dispar cell line (S. M. Thiem, X. Du, M. E. Quentin, and M. M. Berner, J.(More)
Host range factor 1 (HRF-1) of Lymantria dispar multinucleocapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus promotes Autographa californica MNPV replication in nonpermissive Ld652Y cells derived from L. dispar. Here we demonstrate that restricted Hyphantria cunea NPV replication in Ld652Y cells was not due to apoptosis but was likely due to global protein synthesis arrest that(More)
The gp37 genes of the Mamestra brassicae and Lymantria dispar multicapsid nucleopolyhedroviruses (MbMNPV and LdMNPV) have been identified and characterized. Both genes were similar to other baculovirus gp37 genes and to entomopoxvirus fusolin genes. Phylogenetic analysis showed that baculovirus gp37 genes and entomopoxvirus fusolin genes form two distinct(More)
The endosymbiont Wolbachia wAlbB induces refractoriness to Plasmodium falciparum in Anopheles stephensi, the primary mosquito vector of human malaria in the Middle East and South Asia. However, it remains unknown whether such refractoriness can be extended to other malaria species. In particular, it was reported that under very specific conditions, wAlbB(More)
It is challenging to find genes with stable transcripts for use as reference genes for quantitative realtime polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) during viral infection. Autographa californica nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) is known to globally shut off host gene transcription in Sf21 cells and to modify their cytoskeletons. In this study, seven host genes(More)
Agency policy and approved for publication. Mention of trade names or commercial products does not constitute endorsement or recommendation for use. Group's deliberations, Ned assisted in identifying issues and concerns regarding the potential role of shrimp processing in the shrimp virus problem. Despite being seriously ill, Ned joined the group of experts(More)
Microbial ecology provides the link between basic biochemical and molecular studies on toxicity reduction by microbial metabolism and environmental studies that determine exposure. This link provides the ability to determine which microorganisms are responsible for the actual transformations in nature, thereby establishing how predictive the laboratory(More)
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