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Recent evidence from genome sequence analyses demands a substantial revision of the taxonomy and classification of the family Baculoviridae. Comparisons of 29 baculovirus genomes indicated that baculovirus phylogeny followed the classification of the hosts more closely than morphological traits that have previously been used for classification of this virus(More)
beta- and gamma-nonmuscle actins differ by 4 amino acids at or near the N terminus and distant from polymerization interfaces. beta-Actin contains an Asp(1)-Asp(2)-Asp(3) and Val(10) whereas gamma-actin has a Glu(1)-Glu(2)-Glu(3) and Ile(10). Despite these small changes, conserved across mammals, fish, and birds, their differential localization in the same(More)
The gene encoding the major capsid protein of the baculovirus Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) was identified, sequenced, and transcriptionally mapped. The location of the gene was determined by immunological screening of an expression library of AcMNPV open reading frame-beta-galactosidase fusions with an antibody raised to virus(More)
The ORF9 of Bombyx mori nucleopolyhedrovirus (BmNPV) (Bm9) is conserved in all completely sequenced lepidopteran nucleopolyhedroviruses. RT-PCR analysis demonstrated that Bm9 is an early and late transcribed gene that is initiated at 3 h post-infection, and immunofluorescence microscopy showed that Bm9 is localized mainly in the cytoplasm of infected cells.(More)
Protein synthesis is globally shut down at late times postinfection in the baculovirus Autographa californica M nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV)-infected gypsy moth cell line Ld652Y. A single gene, hrf-1, from another baculovirus, Lymantria dispar M nucleopolyhedrovirus, is able to preclude protein synthesis shutdown and ensure production of AcMNPV(More)
A gene that promotes Autographa californica M nuclear polyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV) replication in IPLB-Ld652Y cells, a cell line that is nonpermissive for AcMNPV, was identified in Lymantria dispar M nuclear polyhedrosis virus (LdMNPV). Cotransfection of AcMNPV DNA and a plasmid carrying the LdMNPV gene into IPLB-Ld652Y cells results in AcMNPV replication.(More)
A series of recombinant viruses was constructed to study the regulation of expression from the promoter (Pcap) for the major capsid-protein-encoding gene (vp39) of the baculovirus, Autographa californica nuclear polyhedrosis virus. Each virus of this series contains the cat reporter gene under the control of Pcap or portions thereof. Pcap regulation of cat(More)
Autographa californica multicapsid nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) is the best-studied baculovirus and most commonly used virus vector for baculovirus expression vector systems. The effect of AcMNPV infection on host cells is incompletely understood. A microarray based on Spodoptera frugiperda ESTs was used to investigate the impact of AcMNPV on host gene(More)
We previously identified a gene, host range factor 1 (hrf-1), in Lymantria dispar M nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV) which promoted Autographa californica M nucleopolyhedrovirus (AcMNPV) replication in a nonpermissive cell line IPLB-Ld652Y (Ld652Y). A recombinant AcMNPV, vAcLdPS, that bore hrf-1 controlled by two synthetic baculovirus late promoters and that(More)
Lymantria dispar has a long historical association with the baculovirus Lymantria dispar multiple nucleopolyhedrovirus (LdMNPV), which is one of the primary population regulators of L. dispar in the field. However, host larvae exhibit strong developmental resistance to fatal infection by LdMNPV; the LD50 in newly moulted fourth instars is 18-fold lower than(More)