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Primary ovarian insufficiency (POI) is a critical fertility defect characterized by an anticipated and silent impairment of the follicular reserve, but its pathogenesis is largely unexplained. The frequent maternal inheritance of POI together with a remarkable dependence of ovarian folliculogenesis upon mitochondrial biogenesis and bioenergetics suggested(More)
Over 90% of all cancers are carcinomas, malignancies derived from cells of epithelial origin. As carcinomas progress, these tumors may lose epithelial morphology and acquire mesenchymal characteristics which contribute to metastatic potential. An epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) similar to the process critical for embryonic development is thought(More)
PURPOSE NF-kappaB is activated by tumor necrosis factor, certain chemotherapeutic agents, and ionizing radiation, leading to inhibition of apoptosis. NF-kappaB activation is regulated by phosphorylation of IkappaB inhibitor molecules that are subsequently targeted for degradation by the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway. PS-341 is a specific and selective(More)
Low anterior resection or abdominoperineal resection are considered standard treatments for early rectal cancer but may be associated with morbidity in selected patients who are candidates for early distal lesions amenable to local excision (LE). The American College of Radiology Appropriateness Criteria are evidence-based guidelines for specific clinical(More)
We characterize a liver cell culture model for acute hepatic porphyrias that recapitulates the biochemical features of the human syndrome. In chick embryo liver cells in primary culture exposed to glutethimide and 4,6-dioxoheptanoic acid, heme alone produced a transient dose-dependent decrease in delta-aminolevulinate synthase and a concomitant increase in(More)
IMPORTANCE OF THE FIELD The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway is often activated by genetic alterations in upstream signaling molecules. Integral components of this pathway such as Ras and B-Raf are also activated by mutation. The Ras/Raf/MEK/ERK pathway has profound effects on proliferative, apoptotic and differentiation pathways. This pathway can often be(More)
Recent studies have shown the hedgehog and Wnt families of signaling proteins to be associated with tumor initiation, growth, and survival. However, these pathways remain unexplored in ovarian endometrioid adenocarcinoma (OEA). Here, we describe a novel TaqMan low-density array to examine the expression of 26 and 20 genes in the hedgehog and Wnt pathways,(More)
BACKGROUND Retroperitoneal sarcomas (RPSs) are rare tumors with poor survival rates due to difficult resectability and high local and distant recurrence rates. Preoperative radiation therapy appears to have dosimetric advantages to utilize the tumor as a tissue expander to limit exposure of small bowel to higher radiation doses. METHODS Between June 1999(More)
BACKGROUND The Raf/MAPK kinase/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase pathway is often activated by genetic alterations in upstream signaling molecules. An integral component of this pathway, BRAF, is also activated by mutation, especially in melanoma and thyroid cancers. The Raf/MAPK kinase/extracellular-signal-regulated kinase pathway has profound effects(More)
PURPOSE An understanding of the setup variation of the low neck in relation to the upper neck is necessary to define appropriate planning margins, while treating the full neck with intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) technique. MATERIALS AND METHODS The setup of 20 sequential head and neck cancer patients was studied. Daily position verification was(More)