Suzanne M Johnson

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We used the testable predictions of mathematical models proposed by Butera et al. to evaluate cellular, synaptic, and population-level components of the hypothesis that respiratory rhythm in mammals is generated in vitro in the pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) by a heterogeneous population of pacemaker neurons coupled by fast excitatory synapses. We(More)
We review a new unified model of respiratory rhythm generation - the hybrid pacemaker-network model. This model represents a comprehensive synthesis of cellular and network mechanisms that can theoretically account for rhythm generation in different functional states, from the most reduced states in the neonatal nervous system in vitro to the intact adult(More)
The pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC), a bilaterally distributed network of rhythmogenic neurons within the ventrolateral medulla, has been proposed to be the critical locus for respiratory rhythm generation in mammals. To date, thin transverse medullary slice preparations that capture the pre-BötC have served as the optimal experimental model to study the(More)
1. We have hypothesized that pacemaker neurons in the pre-Bötzinger complex (pre-BötC) form the kernel for respiratory rhythm generation. A prediction of this hypothesis is that oscillatory behavior in some respiratory neurons could persist in the absence of synaptic transmission. In this study we used extracellular recording of neuronal activity in slice(More)
To determine habitat attributes and processes suitable for the growth of Coccidioides, soils were collected from sites in Arizona, California, and Utah where Coccidioides is known to have been present. Humans or animals or both have been infected by Coccidioides at all of the sites. Soil variables considered in the upper 20 cm of the soil profile included(More)
Slice preparations from neonatal rat medulla that generate respiratory rhythm in vitro were used to test for Gi/o protein-mediated mechanisms affecting breathing rhythm in mammals. The frequency of inspiratory motor discharge recorded from hypoglossal (XII) nerve roots decreased with bath application of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and norepinephrine, as(More)
N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor-mediated synaptic transmission is implicated in activity-dependent developmental reorganization in mammalian brain, including sensory systems and spinal motoneuron circuits. During normal development, synaptic interactions important in activity-dependent modification of neuronal circuits may be driven spontaneously(More)
A chitinase had been isolated from the culture filtrates of Coccidioides immitis endosporulating spherules and from hyphae and shown to be the coccidioidal complement fixation (CF) and immunodiffusion-CF antigen. In the present study, we made use of our previously determined amino-terminal (N-terminal) sequence of the CF-chitinase to design degenerate(More)
In this study, the oestrogen agonist/antagonist action of 4-hydroxytamoxifen (OHT; 1 x 10(-6) M) and 17beta-oestradiol (E(2); 1 x 10(-8) M) were assessed on the oestrogen receptor (ER)-positive epithelial cell line (Ishikawa) with respect to cell proliferation, and to gene and protein expression. qRT-PCR and western blotting confirmed that Ishikawa cells(More)
Whole blood flow cytometry was performed among donors with various clinical forms of coccidioidomycosis using T27K, a coccidioidal antigen preparation protective in mice but not previously studied in humans. The median percent of CD3+ lymphocytes (CD3+) producing intracellular interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) among healthy immune donors was 0.43%, significantly(More)