Suzanne M Cunningham

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In Uganda, the HIV Network for Prevention Trials (HIVNET) 012 study recently demonstrated that single-dose nevirapine (Nvp) prophylaxis is effective for preventing mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1). This exploratory study examines the relationship between HIV-1 subtype, MTCT, and the development of Nvp(More)
Since information about possible regional differences in the innervation of the guinea-pig large intestine is incomplete, a comparative study was made of the occurrence of neurones and nerve fibres of the submucosa showing immunoreactivity (IR) to neuropeptide Y (NPY) and vasoactive intestinal polypeptide (VIP). In addition, a quantitative analysis was made(More)
Region-specific patterns of nerves with immunoreactivity to neuropeptide Y (NPY) have been described previously in the submucous plexus of guinea pig large intestine. Because these may have functional significance, the possibility of similar, characteristic variations of NPY-like immunoreactivity (NPY-ir) in the myenteric plexus was explored. Regional(More)
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) is a debilitating condition, the etiology of which is poorly understood, in part because it often remains undiagnosed/untreated for a decade or more. Characterizing the etiology of compulsive disorders in animal models may facilitate earlier diagnosis and intervention. Doberman pinschers have a high prevalence of an(More)
A systematic examination has been made of the active and passive electrophysiological properties and synaptic inputs of forty-four randomly impaled submucosal neurones in the proximal colon of the guinea-pig to compare these characteristics directly with those of submucosal neurones in the caecum (n = 70) and descending colon (n = 45). Within each of the(More)
HYPOTHESIS/OBJECTIVES To describe the therapeutic use of pimobendan in cats, describe the patient population to which it was administered, document potential side effects and report the clinical course following administration of pimobendan in conjunction with standard heart failure therapy. It is hypothesized that cats with advanced heart disease including(More)
1. Intracellular recording techniques were used to examine the voltage-activated calcium channels mediating neurotransmitter release from nerve terminals of extrinsic, sympathetic origin and intrinsic (enteric) origin innervating submucosal neurones of the guinea-pig caecum. 2. The noradrenergic slow inhibitory postsynaptic potential (IPSP) was abolished by(More)
ii In memory of Larry Leafgren Philippians 4:13 iii ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS I would like to thank Drs. Gebisa Ejeta and Sylvie Brouder for their guidance on this project and for sharing their wealth of expertise. To the remaining members of my committee, Drs. Cliff Weil, Mike Mickelbart, and Rebecca Doerge, thank you for your feedback and support in pursuing this(More)
A number of electrophysiological studies have shown that neurones in the submucous plexus are endowed with three major types of synaptic potentials in response to nerve stimulation: a fast EPSP, a slow IPSP, and a slow EPSP. Combined electrophysiological and immunohistochemical studies enabled analysis of the types of neurochemically identified neurones(More)