Learn More
Since its founding, NASA has been dedicated to the advancement of aeronautics and space science. The NASA Scientific and Technical Information (STI) Program Office plays a key part in helping NASA maintain this important role. The NASA STI Program Office is operated by Langley Research Center, the lead center for NASA's scientific and technical information.(More)
BACKGROUND Large-scale educational assessments in the U.S. are used as policy tools for improving instruction and evaluating educational programs and the effectiveness of educators. Because of the high-stakes nature of their use, it is imperative that validity evidence based on testing consequences is obtained to support their multiple purposes. METHOD A(More)
All statistics are calculated by Mathematica unless stated otherwise iii ACKNOWLEDGMENTS This report would not be possible without the support of the Team Pennsylvania Foundation, the Pennsylvania Department of Education, the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, and members of the Stakeholder Steering Committee who volunteered their time during Phase 1 of this(More)
1. Introduction Educators are reformulating the goals of both teaching and assessment within content domains. Some of the recurring themes include the need for instruction to promote students as thinkers, problem-solvers, and inquirers; the need to conceptualise meaningful understanding as involving active construction; the need for testing for thinking and(More)
The Stanford Center for Opportunity Policy in Education (SCOPE) supports cross-disciplinary research, policy analysis, and practice that address issues of educational opportunity, access, equity, and diversity in the United States and internationally. Abstract Performance assessments have been an integral part of educational systems in numerous countries(More)
  • 1