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In order to evaluate potential risk factors for the development of hospital-acquired acute renal failure, a case-control study was performed, comparing patients with hospital-acquired acute renal failure with control subjects matched on age, sex, hospital, service of admission, and baseline renal function. The same patients were then reanalyzed utilizing a(More)
BACKGROUND Gallbladder cancer has an unusual geographic and demographic distribution, suggesting many possible etiologies. METHODS A case-control study was undertaken at four hospitals in La Paz, Bolivia, and at one hospital in Mexico City, Mexico. Eighty-four patients with newly diagnosed, histologically confirmed gallbladder cancer were compared with(More)
We describe the Virtual Standardized Patient (VSP) application, having a computerized virtual person who interacts with medical practitioners in much the same way as actors hired to teach and evaluate patient assessment, diagnosis, and interviewing skills. The VSP integrates technologies from two successful research projects conducted at Research Triangle(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore the effect of pain symptoms and improvements in pain on depression outcomes. METHODS We analyzed data from A Randomized Trial Investigating SSRI Treatment (ARTIST), a randomized longitudinal effectiveness study comparing selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) for the treatment of depression in primary care (n = 573).(More)
OBJECTIVE Although variants in the transcription factor 7-like 2 (TCF7L2) gene are consistently associated with type 2 diabetes, large population-based studies of African Americans are lacking. Moreover, few studies have investigated the effects of TCF7L2 on type 2 diabetes in the context of metabolic risk factors of type 2 diabetes. RESEARCH DESIGN AND(More)
Use of electronic health record (EHR) content for comparative effectiveness research (CER) and population health management requires significant data configuration. A retrospective cohort study was conducted using patients with diabetes followed longitudinally (N=36,353) in the EHR deployed at outpatient practice networks of 2 health care systems. A data(More)
Interest in human sexuality began in the 18th century, but formal and more rigorous studies focused on sexual satisfaction and sexual practices were published in the early 1900s. Alfred Kinsey's pioneering work on sexuality, in which he surveyed over 10,000 men and women age 16 and older, began in the late 1930s. In the mid-1960s, Masters and Johnson(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is a leading cause of death and disability, and its prevalence is increasing. When diet fails, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) are prescribed oral hypoglycemics for glycemic control. Few studies have explored initial use or change from initial oral hypoglycemic therapy in the primary care setting. We aimed to describe the(More)
A methodological study was performed in 1992 to evaluate the accuracy of self-reported use of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and noncontraceptive estrogens that had been dispensed during the previous 12 years. A sample of 560 individuals dispensed NSAIDs or estrogens, and 140 individuals without NSAID/estrogen dispensations were selected from(More)
BACKGROUND Suicide is the 11th leading cause of death and the seventh leading cause of years of potential life lost in the United States. Although suicide is of great public health significance, its clinical management is complicated. PURPOSE The authors systematically reviewed the literature to determine whether screening for suicide risk in primary care(More)