Suzanne Hagan

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Detection of a retrovirus, xenotropic murine leukaemia virus-related virus (XMRV), has recently been reported in 67% of patients with chronic fatigue syndrome. We have studied a total of 170 samples from chronic fatigue syndrome patients from two UK cohorts and 395 controls for evidence of XMRV infection by looking either for the presence of viral nucleic(More)
PURPOSE Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) inhibits the Raf and nuclear factor kappa B signaling pathways, and suppresses metastasis in animal models. We examined whether RKIP expression in primary colorectal cancers (CRCs) correlates with the risk of metastasis and overall survival. PATIENTS AND METHODS RKIP expression was examined immunohistochemically(More)
PURPOSE Raf-1 kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) was originally identified as the first physiologic inhibitor of the Raf/mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase/extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathway. This pathway regulates fundamental cellular functions, including those that are subverted in cancer cells, such as proliferation, transformation,(More)
At present, there are no clinically reliable disease markers for chronic fatigue syndrome. DNA chip microarray technology provides a method for examining the differential expression of mRNA from a large number of genes. Our hypothesis was that a gene expression signature, generated by microarray assays, could help identify genes which are dysregulated in(More)
At present, a radical shift in cancer treatment is occurring in terms of predictive, preventive, and personalized medicine (PPPM). Individual patients will participate in more aspects of their healthcare. During the development of PPPM, many rapid, specific, and sensitive new methods for earlier detection of cancer will result in more efficient management(More)
Mutations in the Raf signaling pathway are known to play a pivotal role in the progression of malignant melanoma. In this study, we provide evidence that the Raf-1 kinase inhibitory protein (RKIP) and its effects on Raf-1-mediated activation of mitogen-activated protein/extracellular signal-regulated kinase kinase are important for the metastatic potential(More)
In developed countries, colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most common malignancy, but it is the second most frequent cause of cancer-related death. Clinicians are still faced with numerous challenges in the treatment of this disease, and future approaches which target the molecular features of the disorder will be critical for success in this disease(More)
AIMS There is controversy regarding the use of adjuvant therapy in patients with Dukes' B colorectal cancer (CRC). New markers, identifying high-risk Dukes' B patients, are needed. Here, we examine the utility of Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) as such a marker and promoter methylation as a mechanism of RKIP down-regulation. METHODS AND RESULTS We(More)
The Raf kinase inhibitor protein (RKIP) belongs to an evolutionarily conserved family of phosphatidylethanolamine-binding proteins (PEBPs), which have important functions as inhibitors of kinase signaling pathways and metastasis. Most notably, RKIP can interrupt signaling through the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK pathway by dissociating the interaction between Raf-1 and(More)
To examine the roles of endogenous K-ras 4A and K-ras 4B splice variants in tumorigenesis, murine lung carcinogenesis was induced by N-methyl-N-nitrosourea (MNU), which causes a K-ras mutation (G12D) that jointly affects both isoforms. Compared with age-matched K-ras(tmDelta4A/-) mice (where tumours can express mutationally activated K-ras 4B only), tumour(More)