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OBJECTIVE To develop recommendations to enable successful inclusion of the patient perspective in European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR)-funded scientific research projects. METHODS The EULAR standardised operational procedures for guideline development were followed. A systematic literature review was presented during a first task force meeting,(More)
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is the most common, crippling human autoimmune disease. Using Western blotting and tandem mass spectroscopy, we have identified the endoplasmic reticulum chaperone BiP, a 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein, as a possible autoantigen. It preferentially stimulated increased proliferation of synovial T cells from patients with RA but(More)
Proteoglycan (PG)-induced arthritis (PGIA), a murine model for rheumatoid arthritis (RA), is driven by antigen (PG)-specific T and B cell activation. In order to analyze the pathogenic role of antigen-specific T cells in the development of autoimmune arthritis, we have generated a transgenic (Tg) mouse. The CD4(+) T cells of this TCR-5/4E8-Tg line express a(More)
BACKGROUND The anti-inflammatory capacity of heat shock proteins (HSP) has been demonstrated in various animal models of inflammatory diseases and in patients. However, the mechanisms underlying this anti-inflammatory capacity are poorly understood. Therefore, the possible protective potential of HSP70 and its mechanisms were studied in proteoglycan (PG)(More)
Protein tyrosine phosphatase-like IA-2 autoantigen is one of the major targets of humoral autoimmunity in patients with insulin-dependant diabetes mellitus (IDDM). In an effort to define the epitopes recognized by autoantibodies against IA-2, we generated five human mAbs (hAbs) from peripheral B lymphocytes isolated from patients most of whom had been(More)
Immunization with microbial or mammalian stress proteins or heat-shock proteins in models of experimental autoimmunity has been observed to lead to increased disease resistance. Furthermore, such immunization has been proposed to result in the induction and expansion of T cells that suppress disease upon transfer. Comparisons of microbial heat-shock(More)
OBJECTIVE To apply and analyze the mechanisms of action of dimethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA), a powerful adjuvant that does not have the side effects of the conventionally used Freund's adjuvants, in proteoglycan-induced arthritis (PGIA) and collagen-induced arthritis (CIA). METHODS PGIA and CIA were generated using standard immunization protocols(More)
OBJECTIVE To better understand the role of antigen (arthritogenic epitope)-specific T cells in the development of autoimmune arthritis. METHODS A transgenic (Tg) mouse expressing the T cell receptor (TCR) Valpha1.1 and V(beta)4 chains specific for a dominant arthritogenic epitope (designated 5/4E8) of human cartilage proteoglycan (HuPG) aggrecan was(More)
OBJECTIVES To explore potential T-cell epitopes of the core protein of human cartilage proteoglycan aggrecan (PG) in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or osteoarthritis. METHODS Peptide-specific T-cell proliferation and cytokine/chemokine production in response to PG-specific peptides were measured in RA and osteoarthritis patients and in healthy(More)