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Four monoclonal antibodies against carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) have been selected from 32 hybrids that produce antibodies against this antigen, by the criteria of high affinity for CEA and low cross-reactivity with granulocyte glycoprotein(s). The specificity of tumor localization in vivo of the four MAb, and their F(ab')2 and Fab fragments was compared(More)
A human malignant glioma cell line, LN-18, has been established in monolayer culture and subcultured for more than 115 passages. LN-18 cells grow in vitro as bipolar or stellate cells with pleomorphic nuclei, have a doubling time of about 72 h and a plating efficiency of 3%. The glial nature of these cells has been assessed by ultrastructural examination.(More)
Six patients with neoplastic melanomatous meningitis were studied. The diagnosis of this complication of malignant disease rests on the demonstration of malignant cells within the CSF. The addition of monoclonal antibody immunocytology to conventional techniques significantly improved the diagnostic sensitivity of CSF cytology, allowing for earlier and(More)
Cognitive priming methodologies were employed to examine whether internally represented interpersonal information can affect the experience of self. In the first study, psychology graduate students evaluated their own research ideas after exposures, below the level of conscious awareness, to slides of either the scowling , disapproving face of their(More)
The staphylococcal toxins are responsible for a number of diseases in man and other animals. Many of them have also long been known to be powerful T cell stimulants. They do not, however, stimulate all T cells. On the contrary, each toxin reacts with human T cells bearing particular V beta sequences as part of their receptors for major histocompatibility(More)
A radiolabeled monoclonal antibody (MAb) that has been shown to react specifically in vitro and ex vivo to human colorectal carcinoma and to inhibit growth of human carcinomas grafted in nude mice was administered to 52 colorectal carcinoma patients and 15 patients with other types of cancer. Of 63 colorectal carcinoma tumor sites studied, 34 showed(More)
Hybridoma cells have been derived from a fusion between mouse myeloma cells (P3-NSI/1Ag4) and spleen cells from a mouse immunized with membrane-enriched fractions from the human melanoma cell line Me-43. Of the 26 hybrids obtained, seven secreted antibodies which reacted with the melanoma cell line used for immunoassay. The specificity of the antibodies(More)
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) modulates the expression of Class II major histocompatibility antigens (MHC), thus providing a potential regulatory mechanism for local immune reactivity in the context of MHC-restricted antigen presentation. Within the central nervous system (CNS), the expression of MHC Class II antigens has been demonstrated on human reactive(More)
As part of an ongoing effort to improve the technique of immunoscintigraphy for the detection of human carcinomas with radiolabeled monoclonal antibodies (MABs) to carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), we have developed a series of MABs to CEA and have studied the effects of low- and physiological molarity buffers on their CEA binding and affinity, as well as(More)
Radioiodinated murine monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) 81C6, Me 1-14, C12, D12, and E9, made against or reactive with human gliomas but not normal brain, and Mab UJ13A, a pan-neuroectodermal Mab reactive with normal human glial and neural cells, were evaluated in paired label studies in the D-54 MG subcutaneous human glioma xenograft model system in nude mice.(More)