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BACKGROUND Dyspnea is a common, distressing symptom of cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular diseases. Since the ATS published a consensus statement on dyspnea in 1999, there has been enormous growth in knowledge about the neurophysiology of dyspnea and increasing interest in dyspnea as a patient-reported outcome. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem, associated with considerable morbidity and health care costs. The global burden of COPD morbidity is predicted to rise substantially in the coming decade, but could be moderated by better use of existing management strategies. Smoking cessation, medication therapy, and pulmonary(More)
Dyspnea and fatigue, the two most common symptoms experienced by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, are believed to result in decreased activity levels and poor quality of life. The primary measurable benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation to date have been a decrease in symptoms (mainly dyspnea and fatigue) and an increase in exercise(More)
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