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BACKGROUND Dyspnea is a common, distressing symptom of cardiopulmonary and neuromuscular diseases. Since the ATS published a consensus statement on dyspnea in 1999, there has been enormous growth in knowledge about the neurophysiology of dyspnea and increasing interest in dyspnea as a patient-reported outcome. PURPOSE The purpose of this document is to(More)
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a major public health problem, associated with considerable morbidity and health care costs. The global burden of COPD morbidity is predicted to rise substantially in the coming decade, but could be moderated by better use of existing management strategies. Smoking cessation, medication therapy, and pulmonary(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the accuracy of self-reports of symptom intensity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and factors that might influence recall of that intensity. Thirty COPD (forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) 36 +/- 17% predicted) subjects recorded their dyspnoea and fatigue intensity scores on a(More)
The aim was to study the overall content and organisational aspects of pulmonary rehabilitation programmes from a global perspective in order to get an initial appraisal on the degree of heterogeneity worldwide. A 12-question survey on content and organisational aspects was completed by representatives of pulmonary rehabilitation programmes that had(More)
Dyspnea and fatigue, the two most common symptoms experienced by patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, are believed to result in decreased activity levels and poor quality of life. The primary measurable benefits of pulmonary rehabilitation to date have been a decrease in symptoms (mainly dyspnea and fatigue) and an increase in exercise(More)
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