Suzanna J. Moore

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The recent isolation and characterization of the SALMFamide neuropeptides S1 and S2 from the starfish Asterias rubens has initiated a series of studies on their distribution. Specific antisera have been raised against S1 and used in light-microscopical immunocytochemistry. The results of this study reveal for the first time a possible hyponeural innervation(More)
Our objective was to determine the effects of varying dietary cation-anion differences (DCAD: meq[(Na + K) - (Cl + S)]/100 g of dry matter) in prepartum diets on Ca, energy, and endocrine status prepartum and postpartum. Holstein cows (n = 21) and heifers (n = 34) were fed diets with varying amounts of CaCl2, CaSO4, and MgSO4 to achieve a DCAD of +15(More)
It has been reported that compounds containing carbonyl groups can readily react with cyanide. Pyruvic acid, an alpha-ketocarboxylic acid, has been shown to antagonize the lethal effects of cyanide. It is suggested that its mechanism of action rests in its ability to react with or "bind" cyanide. In this study, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, also an(More)
An estimated 35% of all fire victims in the United States have toxicologically significant blood levels of CO and CN. However, the treatment of concurrent CO/CN intoxication has been paid scant attention. The suggestion has been made that these victims should be treated for CN poisoning. The current therapeutic management of CN poisoning in this country(More)
It has long been known that a number of tissue hypoxicants are generated in the fire scenario. However, until recently few investigators have undertaken to correlate smoke inhalation deaths with the simultaneous exposure to histotoxic hypoxicants. Carbon monoxide and hydrogen cyanide are two histotoxic hypoxicants that are generated in nearly every fire.(More)
The present study examines the early ontogeny of afferent nerves in human embryonic glabrous digital skin and documents the onset of cutaneous innervation and papillary (sweat duct) ridge formation by light and electron microscopy. The skin examined in this study was taken from 3 developmental stages of decreasing embryonic age: embryos older than 10 weeks(More)
The toxic effects of gas-phase singlet oxygen, 1O2, on the ciliated respiratory epithelium of hamster trachea have been demonstrated. Tracheal explants treated with 1O2 showed a dose-dependent decrease in cilia beating frequency and focal ciliostasis. A statistically significant decrease in ciliary activity occurred at 1O2 concentrations as low as 154 ppb(More)
Carbon monoxide (CO) and hydrogen cyanide are recognized pyrolytic products of plastic materials in fires. Lethal blood concentrations of CO and cyanide are found in fire victims and considered to be the cause of death. However, there are reports of fire victims with sublethal concentrations of both CO and cyanide and no other attributed reason for their(More)
The effects of Mount St. Helens volcanic ash on rings of hamster tracheal epithelium in organ culture were studied. Volcanic ash samples with mass median aerodynamic diameters (MMAD) of 7.7 micrometers and 1.6 micrometers caused markedly different alterations in the tracheal mucosa. Examination by SEM of the ventral epithelial surface of tissue from(More)
The surface characteristics of cultured distal colonic mudosa from adult male Fischer 344 rats have been studied under the scanning electron microscope (SEM). Colonic mucosa, physically separated from the submucosa and muscle, was cultured on a matrix of human fibrin foam. The luminal surface of uncultured colonic mucosa formed repeating circular units of(More)