Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) measurements derived from perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) may be useful to evaluate angiogenesis and preoperatively estimate the grade of a glioma. We hypothesized that rCBV is correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression as marker of the angiogenic stimulus in presumed(More)
OBJECT The. diagnosis of low-grade glioma (LGG) cannot be based exclusively on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies, and target selection for stereotactic biopsy is a crucial issue given the high risk of sampling errors. The authors hypothesized that perfusion-weighted imaging could provide information on the microcirculation in presumed(More)
The distinction of astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas, mainly pilocytic astrocytomas (PILOs) from infiltrating astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas (ODs), and high-grade oligodendrogliomas from glioblastomas (GBMs), poses a serious clinical problem. There is no useful immunohistochemical (IHC) marker to differentiate these gliomas, and sometimes the(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 15 adult patients (11 males, median age 34 years; range 23–48) who had been treated and followed in our Institution since 1991 from the time of diagnosis until death or last follow-up in December 2001. Headache was the most frequent symptom (93%). The tumor was hemispheric in 11 patients. Complete resection was achieved in eight.(More)
Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a secreted cytokine with several properties related with tumor development, including differentiation, angiogenesis, invasion, apoptosis and metastasis. There is evidence that PTN has also a relevant role in primary brain neoplasms and its inactivation could be important to treatment response. Astrocytic and oligodendroglial tumors are(More)
Medulloblastomas are the most common malignant tumors of the central nervous system in childhood. The incidence is about 19–20% between children younger than 16 years old with peak incidence between 4 and 7 years. Despite its sensibility to no specific therapeutic means like chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the treatment is very aggressive and frequently(More)
Glioblastomas are the most lethal primary brain tumor that frequently relapse or progress as focal masses after radiation, suggesting that a fraction of tumor cells are responsible for the tumor regrowth. The identification of a brain tumor cell subpopulation with potent tumorigenic activity supports the cancer stem cell hypothesis in solid tumors. The goal(More)
Cancer is the leading cause of death in economically developed countries and the second leading cause of death in developing countries. Malignant brain neoplasms are among the most devastating and incurable forms of cancer, and their treatment may be excessively complex and costly. Public health decision makers require significant amounts of analytical(More)
Despite recent advances, patients with malignant brain tumors still have a poor prognosis. Glioblastoma (WHO grade 4 astrocytoma), the most malignant brain tumor, represents 50% of all astrocytomas, with a median survival rate of <1 year. It is, therefore, extremely important to search for new diagnostic and therapeutic approaches for patients with(More)