Suzana M. F. Malheiros

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) measurements derived from perfusion-weighted imaging (PWI) may be useful to evaluate angiogenesis and preoperatively estimate the grade of a glioma. We hypothesized that rCBV is correlated with vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression as marker of the angiogenic stimulus in presumed(More)
OBJECT The. diagnosis of low-grade glioma (LGG) cannot be based exclusively on conventional magnetic resonance (MR) imaging studies, and target selection for stereotactic biopsy is a crucial issue given the high risk of sampling errors. The authors hypothesized that perfusion-weighted imaging could provide information on the microcirculation in presumed(More)
The distinction of astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas, mainly pilocytic astrocytomas (PILOs) from infiltrating astrocytomas and oligodendrogliomas (ODs), and high-grade oligodendrogliomas from glioblastomas (GBMs), poses a serious clinical problem. There is no useful immunohistochemical (IHC) marker to differentiate these gliomas, and sometimes the(More)
OBJECTIVE Neurologic complications are known as important cause of morbidity and mortality in orthotopic heart transplantation. Our aim was to identify the frequency and outcome of neurologic complications after heart transplantation in a prospective observational study. METHOD From September 93 to September 99, as part of our routine heart(More)
The aim of this study was to investigate deficits in planning ability using an adapted version of the Modified Six Elements Test, from the Behavioral Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome-BADS [Wilson, B. A., Alderman, N., Burgess, P. W., Emslie, H., & Evans, J. J. (1996). Behavioural Assessment of the Dysexecutive Syndrome (BADS). Bury St Edmunds, U.K.:(More)
Glioblastomas are the most lethal primary brain tumor that frequently relapse or progress as focal masses after radiation, suggesting that a fraction of tumor cells are responsible for the tumor regrowth. The identification of a brain tumor cell subpopulation with potent tumorigenic activity supports the cancer stem cell hypothesis in solid tumors. The goal(More)
We retrospectively reviewed 15 adult patients (11 males, median age 34 years; range 23-48) who had been treated and followed in our Institution since 1991 from the time of diagnosis until death or last follow-up in December 2001. Headache was the most frequent symptom (93%). The tumor was hemispheric in 11 patients. Complete resection was achieved in eight.(More)
BACKGROUND Pleiotrophin (PTN) is a secreted cytokine with several properties related with tumor development, including differentiation, angiogenesis, invasion, apoptosis and metastasis. There is evidence that PTN has also a relevant role in primary brain neoplasms and its inactivation could be important to treatment response. Astrocytic and oligodendroglial(More)
BACKGROUND Glioblastoma (GBM) confers a dismal prognosis despite advances in current therapy. Cancer-testis antigens (CTA) comprise families of tumor-associated antigens that are immunogenic in different cancers. The aim of this study was to determine the expression profile of a large number of CTA genes in GBM. METHODS We selected, from 153 CTA genes,(More)