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The small number of hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells in cord blood units limits their widespread use in human transplant protocols. We identified a family of chemically related small molecules that stimulates the expansion ex vivo of human cord blood cells capable of reconstituting human hematopoiesis for at least 6 months in immunocompromised mice.(More)
Acute myeloid leukemia (AML) is a genetically heterogeneous hematologic malignancy, which is initiated and driven by a rare fraction of leukemia stem cells (LSCs). Despite the difficulties of identifying a common LSC phenotype, there is increasing evidence that high expression of stem cell gene signatures is associated with poor clinical outcome.(More)
PBX1 is a homeodomain protein that functions in complexes with other homeodomain-containing proteins to regulate gene expression during developmental and/or differentiation processes. A yeast two-hybrid screen of a fetal liver-hematopoietic cDNA library using PBX1a as bait led to the discovery of a novel non-homeodomain-containing protein that interacts(More)
OBJECTIVE Myeloid ectropic viral integration site 1 (MEIS1) is a Hox cofactor known for its role in development and is strongly linked to normal and leukemic hematopoiesis. Although previous studies have focused on identifying protein partners of MEIS1 and its transcriptionally regulated targets, little is known about the upstream transcriptional regulators(More)
Leukemic transformation of human cells is a complex process. Here we show that forced expression of MN1 in primitive human cord blood cells maintained on stromal cells in vitro induces a transient, but not serially transplantable, myeloproliferation in engrafted mice. However, cotransduction of an activated HOX gene (NUP98HOXD13) with MN1 induces a serially(More)
Pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox interacting protein 1 or human PBX1 interacting protein (PBXIP1/HPIP) is a co-repressor of pre-B-cell leukemia homeobox 1 (PBX1) and is also known to regulate estrogen receptor functions by associating with the microtubule network. Despite its initial discovery in the context of hematopoietic cells, little is yet known about the(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Primitive human hematopoietic cells contain higher levels of aldehyde dehydrogenase (ALDH) activity than their terminally differentiating progeny but the particular stages when ALDH levels change have not been well defined. The objective of this study was to compare ALDH levels among the earliest stages of hematopoietic cell(More)
Achieving long-term pancellular expression of a transferred gene at therapeutic level in a given hematopoietic lineage remains an important goal of gene therapy. Advances have recently been made in the genetic correction of the hemoglobinopathies by means of lentiviral vectors and large locus control region (LCR) derivatives. However, panerythroid beta(More)
Transplantation of genetically corrected autologous hematopoietic stem cells is an attractive approach for the cure of sickle-cell disease and beta-thalassemia. Here, we infected human cord blood cells with a self-inactivating lentiviral vector encoding an anti-sickling betaA-T87Q-globin transgene and analyzed the transduced progeny produced over a 6-month(More)
Development of strategies to extensively expand hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in vitro will be a major factor in enhancing the success of a range of transplant-based therapies for malignant and genetic disorders. In addition to potential clinical applications, the ability to increase the number of HSCs in culture will facilitate investigations into the(More)