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Epidemiological studies have shown a strong association between sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and cerebrovascular diseases. A total of 114 male patients, aged 40-65 years, referred to sleep laboratory for the evaluation of snoring and disturbed sleep were studied. Subjects were divided into three groups: habitual snoring, mild-moderate and severe(More)
Many employed chemicals in industries have estrogenic hormone effects on organisms, and these are called as environmental estrogens. Environmental estrogens have adverse effects on development and function of reproductive organs of the birds. Bisphenol A (BPA) is one of the best known environmental estrogens widely found in plastic products. In this study,(More)
The different segments of the aorta were studied quantitatively in five age groups of chicken. It was observed that the widest diameter and the thickest media occur on the 56th day in each segment, except for the thoracic aorta, which had the widest diameter on the 42nd day and the thickest media on the 70th day. The percentage of the intima, media and the(More)
PURPOSE The present study was planned to investigate morphological, functional and histological properties of the natural ureterocloacal for in birds as well as to provide an appropriate information which may contribute to rectosigmoidal pouch surgery and to decrease its complications. MATERIALS AND METHODS Thirty chickens (Gallus domesticus, 26 broilers,(More)
1. This study examined the effects of diethylstilboesterol (DES), administered during and after Sertoli cell proliferation, on the testes of hatched cockerel up to the age of 20 weeks. 2. DES was injected into White Leghorn male chicks (200 ng/g body weight) over 10 d periods. The groups were first injected at 6, 8 and 10 weeks after hatching because(More)
This study was designed to investigate the potential estrogenic effects of perinatal dietary phytoestrogens on the rat uterus. Pregnant rats were divided to three groups provided the following diets: (1) rat chow, (2) rat chow with 7.5% Trifolium (T.) pratense, or (3) rat chow supplemented with 17β-estradiol (0.5 mg/kg). The dams in each group were kept on(More)
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