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In femtosecond double-pulse laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy, collinear double-pulse performance is investigated experimentally using various laser wavelength combinations of 800 nm and 400 nm Ti: sapphire lasers. The induced plasma emission line collected by BK7 lenses is the Si (I) at 390.55 nm. The double-pulse time separation ranges from -300 ps to(More)
We measure the backward fluorescence spectra generated by the femtosecond filament transmitting through the butane/air flame, and study the fluorescence emission from combustion intermediates (CN, CH and C2 radicals), air (mainly N2 and N2+). It is found that the fluorescence emission from combustion intermediates, N2 and N2+ shows difference when the(More)
Ultrafast carrier relaxation dynamics in fluorescent carbon nanodots is investigated by femtosecond transient absorption spectra at different pH environments so as to understand the mechanism of fluorescence for the first time. Utilizing multi-wavelength global analysis to fit the measured signal via a sequential model, four different relaxation channels(More)
The holes were drilled by femtosecond laser pulse (800 nm, 100 fs) on Cu sheets at different ambient pressures. The pressure range was from 1 Pa to atmospheric pressure. The number of pulses to drill through the target, the stable photodiode signal, and the hole diameter were obtained as functions of ambient pressure. The morphology of the hole was observed(More)
Our experiments show that external focusing and initial laser energy strongly influences filament generated by the femtosecond Ti–sapphire laser in air. The experimental measurements show the filament length can be extended both by increasing the laser energy and focal length of focusing lens. On the other hand, the plasma fluorescence emission can be(More)
We take 23 listed companies which have performed share allotment financing during 2008-as example, using DEA-Malmquist method from static and dynamic angle to study the type of ultimate controller of company's effect on share allotment financing efficiency. The type of ultimate controller of company is state-owned enterprises and the non-state-owned(More)
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