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Epidemiologic studies have suggested that dietary intake and blood levels of folate may be inversely related to the risk of breast cancer. However, epidemiologic evidence has not been consistent nor has it provided unequivocal support for this purported inverse relationship. Recent evidence has also raised a concern that folate supplementation may promote(More)
Leptin is elevated in obesity and has been suggested to increase the risk of colorectal cancer (CRC), although the evidence is conflicting. The objective of this study was to compare the susceptibility to colon carcinogenesis of db/db mice that have highly elevated circulating leptin and leptin-deficient ob/ob mice, both of which are obese. Seven-week-old(More)
The purpose of this investigation was to determine whether fatty acid synthase (FAS) is a potential molecular target for the chemoprevention of breast cancer by evaluating the effect of the FAS inhibitor triclosan on rat mammary carcinogenesis. At 50 days of age, 60 female Sprague-Dawley rats received 50 mg/kg methylnitrosourea (MNU) i.p. to initiate(More)
To investigate the effects of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) overexpression on breast cancer development, we stably transfected MCF-10F human breast epithelial cells with an expression vector containing human COX-2 cDNA oriented in the sense (10F-S) or antisense (10F-AS) direction. As expected, 10F-S cells expressed elevated levels of COX-2 protein, whereas this(More)
Insulin-like growth factor binding protein-1 (IGFBP-1) is synthesized in the liver and regulates the mitogenic effects of the insulin-like growth factors (IGFs). The evidence that IGFBP-1 plays a role in hepatocarcinogenesis, however, is equivocal. We have, therefore, investigated the development of preneoplastic hepatic lesions in transgenic mice in which(More)
Cancers express high levels of fatty acid synthase (FAS) from which they derive fatty acids for membrane biosynthesis to sustain cell proliferation. How cancer cells coordinate de novo lipogenesis and proliferation has not been investigated. Transcription factors Sp1, Sp3 and Sp4 are overexpressed in a variety of cancers and regulate gene expression by(More)
Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are inhibitors of cyclooxygenase (COX). Our previous observations that celecoxib, a COX-2-specific inhibitor, not only inhibits rat mammary carcinogenesis, but also decreases fat deposition in rats fed a high-fat diet, prompted us to determine whether celecoxib affects lipid metabolism. At 57 days of age, two(More)
The objective of this investigation was to determine whether celecoxib, a highly specific inhibitor of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2), inhibits the promotion phase of mammary tumorigenesis in rats fed a high fat diet rich in n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) that is known to induce COX-2 expression. Sixty female Sprague-Dawley rats were initially maintained(More)
Circulating insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) is associated with increased risk of colorectal cancer. It is not clear, however, whether IGF-1 plays a direct causative role in colon carcinogenesis or whether it mediates the known promoting effects of insulin. The objective of this study was to determine the role of IGF-1 in colon carcinogenesis using(More)
Insulin resistance is a risk factor for colon cancer, but it is not clear which of its metabolic sequelae are involved. The objective of this study was to determine whether increased adiposity and elevated circulating lipids commonly seen in insulin resistance promote colon carcinogenesis independent of changes in insulin. We made use of muscle-specific(More)
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