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The transcription factor Myc is induced by mitogenic signals and regulates downstream cellular responses. If overexpressed, Myc promotes malignant transformation. Myc modulates expression of diverse genes in experimental systems, but few are proven direct targets. Here, we present a large-scale screen for genomic Myc-binding sites in live human cells. We(More)
Survivin is an inhibitor of apoptosis protein, which is over-expressed in most tumors. Aberrant expression of survivin and loss of wild-type p53 in many tumors prompted us to investigate a possible link between these two events. Here we show that wild-type p53 represses survivin expression at both mRNA and protein levels. Transient transfection analyses(More)
The temporal gene expression profile during the entire process of apoptosis and cell cycle progression in response to p53 in human ovarian cancer cells was explored with cDNA microarrays representing 33 615 individual human genes. A total of 1501 genes (4.4%) were found to respond to p53 (approximately 80% of these were repressed by p53) using 2.5-fold(More)
Tumors evade cell death by constitutively activating cell survival pathways and suppressing intrinsic death machinery. Activation of cell survival pathways leads to transcriptional repression of genes associated with cell death and activation of ones promoting anti-apoptosis. Akt/protein kinase B phosphorylates forkhead transcription factors and prevents(More)
Multi-view video coding (MVC) is an ongoing standard in which variable size disparity estimation (DE) and motion estimation (ME) are both employed to select the best coding mode for each macroblock (MB). This technique achieves the highest possible coding efficiency, but it results in extremely large encoding time which obstructs it from practical use. In(More)
p21(WAF1/Cip1) was initially identified as a cell cycle regulatory protein that can cause cell cycle arrest. It is induced by both p53-dependent and p53-independent mechanisms. This mini-review briefly discusses its currently known functions in apoptosis and drug sensitivity. As an inhibitor of cell proliferation, p21(WAF1/Cip1) plays an important role in(More)
In this study we used adenovirus vector-mediated transduction of either the p53 gene (rAd-p53) or the p21(WAF1/CIP1) gene (rAd-p21) to mimic both p53-dependent and -independent up-regulation of p21(WAF1/CIP1) within a human ovarian cancer cell line, 2774, and the derivative cell lines, 2774qw1 and 2774qw2. We observed that rAd-p53 can induce apoptosis in(More)
To determine if A1 adenosine receptors mediate breast tumorigenesis, we evaluated A1 receptor expression in human tumor cell lines and human primary breast tumor tissues using both quantitative RT-PCR and Western blot analysis. A1 receptor mRNA expression is upregulated in all breast tumor cell lines examined (n=7) compared to normal mammary epithelial(More)
Genome wide transcriptome maps can provide tools to identify candidate genes that are over-expressed or silenced in certain disease tissue and increase our understanding of the structure and organization of the genome. Expressed Sequence Tags (ESTs) from the public dbEST and proprietary Incyte LifeSeq databases were used to derive a transcript map in(More)
As a tumor suppressor protein, p53 plays a crucial role in cancer development. Direct associations between p53, apoptosis and drug response suggest that targeting genes/gene products downstream of p53 may have clinical benefits. The completion of the human genome project and the availability of microarray technology have led to new ways in which to define(More)