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Vitamin B6 is an intriguing molecule that is involved in a wide range of metabolic, physiological and developmental processes. Based on its water solubility and high reactivity when phosphorylated, it is a suitable co-factor for many biochemical processes. Furthermore the vitamin is a potent antioxidant, rivaling carotenoids or tocopherols in its ability to(More)
DNA Damaged binding protein 1 (DDB1) is a highly conserved protein of around 125 kDa. It serves as a substrate adaptor subunit to a CUL4-based E3 ubiquitin ligase within the ubiquitin proteasome pathway. However, based on a set of three beta-propellers, the protein is able to mediate various protein-protein interactions, suggesting that it participates in(More)
In recent years vitamin B6 has become a focus of research describing the compound's critical function in cellular metabolism and stress response. For many years the sole function of vitamin B6 was considered to be that of an enzymatic cofactor. However, recently it became clear that it is also a potent antioxidant that effectively quenches reactive oxygen(More)
Vitamin B6 is one of the most important compounds in living organisms, and its biosynthesis has only recently been understood. Because it is required for more than 100 biochemical reactions, lack of the vitamin is fatal. This is of special importance to mammals and humans, which cannot biosynthesize the vitamin and thus depend on its external uptake. Here(More)
PDX1.2 is expressed in the basal part of the globular-stage embryo, and plays critical roles in development, hypocotyl elongation, and stress response. The Arabidopsis thaliana PDX1.2 protein belongs to a small family of three members. While PDX1.1 and PDX1.3 have been extensively described and are well established to function in vitamin B6 biosynthesis,(More)
Due to their sessile nature, plants depend on flexible regulatory systems that allow them to adequately regulate developmental and physiological processes in context with environmental cues. The ubiquitin proteasome pathway, which targets a great number of proteins for degradation, is cellular tool that provides the necessary flexibility to accomplish this(More)
Vitamin B6 is one of the most versatile cofactors in plants and an essential phytonutrient in the human diet that benefits a variety of human health aspects. Although biosynthesis of the vitamin has been well resolved in recent years, the main research is currently based on Arabidopsis thaliana with very little work done on major crop plants. Here we(More)
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